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Financial liberalization, saving, investment and growth in MENA countries

Author

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  • Lahcen ACHY

    (Institut National de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée)

Abstract

Over the last two decades MENA countries as much of the developing countries have experienced a wave of liberalization of financial sector. The purpose of this paper is three fold: to review the literature on the rationale for financial repression, examining why governments adopt financial repression policies; to examine the theoretical and empirical literature on the links between financial liberalization, savings and investment; to assess the effect of financial reforms on economic performance in the specific case of MENA countries. The paper attempts to capture the effects of both banking sector and stock market developments, focussing on Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey between 1970-1998.

Suggested Citation

  • Lahcen ACHY, 2004. "Financial liberalization, saving, investment and growth in MENA countries," Finance 0411004, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0411004
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 28
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    File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/fin/papers/0411/0411004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Greenwood, Jeremy & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1990. "Financial Development, Growth, and the Distribution of Income," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1076-1107, October.
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    3. Levine, Ross & Zervos, Sara, 1998. "Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 537-558, June.
    4. Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1986. "Large Shareholders and Corporate Control," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 461-488, June.
    5. Ross Levine, 1997. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 688-726, June.
    6. Roubini, Nouriel & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1995. "A growth model of inflation, tax evasion, and financial repression," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 275-301, April.
    7. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    8. Harris, Richard D. F., 1997. "Stock markets and development: A re-assessment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 139-146, January.
    9. Henry, Peter Blair, 2000. "Do stock market liberalizations cause investment booms?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 301-334.
    10. Levine, Ross, 1991. " Stock Markets, Growth, and Tax Policy," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(4), pages 1445-1465, September.
    11. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 1994. "Saving, Growth, and Liquidity Constraints," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(1), pages 83-109.
    12. Kim, E Han & Singal, Vijay, 2000. "Stock Market Openings: Experience of Emerging Economies," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 73(1), pages 25-66, January.
    13. Mauro, Paolo, 1995. "Stock markets and growth: A brief caveat on precautionary savings," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 111-116, January.
    14. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mohamed El Hedi Arouri, 2010. "Time-varying characteristics of cross-market linkages with empirical application to Gulf stock markets," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(1), pages 57-70, February.
    2. Sanchita Mukherjee & Rina Bhattacharya, 2011. "Inflation Targeting and Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms in Emerging Market Economies," IMF Working Papers 11/229, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Ahmed El-Masry & Dalia El-Mosallamy & Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2015. "Mutual Fund Performance in MENA Countries: Environmental Conditions and Fund Characteristics," Working Papers 2015/02, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    4. Kar, Muhsin & Nazlıoğlu, Şaban & Ağır, Hüseyin, 2011. "Financial development and economic growth nexus in the MENA countries: Bootstrap panel granger causality analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 685-693.
    5. RACHDI, Houssem & Hakimi, Abdelaziz & Hamdi, Helmi, 2015. "Financial Liberalization, Banking Crisis and Economic Growth in MENA Region: Do Institutions Matter?," MPRA Paper 64562, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Uslu, Çağrı Levent & Aydoğan, Ebru Tomris & Ketenci, Natalya, 2015. "Economic Growth, Financial Development, and Trade Openness in Emerging Markets: Panel Approach," MPRA Paper 64722, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Anthony Orji & God'stime Osekhebhen Eigbiremolen & Jonathan Emenike Ogbuabor, 2014. "Impact of Financial Liberalization on Private Investment: Empirical Evidence from Nigerian Data," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 4, pages 77-86, May.
    8. Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Financial Development, Bank Efficiency and Economic Growth across the Mediterranean," CEPS Papers 7832, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    9. A�a�Yrı Levent Uslu & Ebru Tomris Aydo�Yan & Natalya Ketenci, 2016. "Impact Of Structural Breaks Presence On Economic Development Of Emerging Countries," Journal Articles, Center For Economic Analyses, pages 5-21, December.
    10. Ben Naceur, Samy & Ghazouani, Samir & Omran, Mohammed, 2008. "Does stock market liberalization spur financial and economic development in the MENA region?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 673-693, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial liberalization; saving; growth; MENA countries; Morocco;

    JEL classification:

    • G - Financial Economics

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