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Does stock market liberalization spur financial and economic development in the MENA region?

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  • Ben Naceur, Samy
  • Ghazouani, Samir
  • Omran, Mohammed

Abstract

In order to investigate the impact of stock market liberalization on economic growth in the MENA region, we need to place our contribution in the economic growth literature. Our study is related to the literature on policy impacting growth rather than the debate on "convergence" between low-income and high-income countries which dominates the current research on economic growth. Our study is one of the few studies that focus on MENA countries. Several issues are addressed about the impact of stock market liberalization on economic growth. Using annual data from 11 MENA countries over the 1979-2005 period, the empirical results indicate that stock market liberalization has no effect on economic and investment growth, whereas the impact on stock market development is negative in the short run but turns positive in the long run. However, when we include certain pre-conditions for liberalizing the stock market, we find that a more developed stock market prior to liberalization; less government intervention and by not fully opening the economy to foreign trade, reinforces the positive impact of liberalization on stock market development. These results could have some important policy implications in which domestic financial reforms should precede policies that aim at liberalizing the stock market. This is not only easier and faster to accomplish, but from a policy sequencing perspective it pays to reform the trade regime before totally liberalizing the (portfolio component of the) capital account. In conclusion, reforms should first and foremost start in the domestic economy before opening it fully to foreign participation. Our results are robust to several specifications but they should be tentative since there may be some measurement error in the calculation of several variables which could downward bias the estimates. Journal of Comparative Economics 36 (4) (2008) 673-693.

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  • Ben Naceur, Samy & Ghazouani, Samir & Omran, Mohammed, 2008. "Does stock market liberalization spur financial and economic development in the MENA region?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 673-693, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:36:y:2008:i:4:p:673-693
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    2. Borlea Sorin Nicolae & Puscas Adriana & Mare Codruta & Achim Monica Violeta, 2016. "Direction of Causality Between Financial Development and Economic Growth. Evidence for Developing Countries," Studia Universitatis „Vasile Goldis” Arad – Economics Series, De Gruyter Open, vol. 26(2), pages 1-22, June.
    3. Víctor Alexánder Díaz España, 2014. "Crédito privado, crédito bancario y producto interno bruto: evidencia para una muestra suramericana," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 32(73), pages 104-126, July.
    4. Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Determinants of Financial Development across the Mediterranean," CEPS Papers 7770, Centre for European Policy Studies.
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    6. Ba, Lika & Gasmi, Farid, 2011. "To what extent do infrastructure and financial sectors reforms interplay? Evidence from panel data on the power sector in developing countries," TSE Working Papers 11-264, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    7. Ben Jedidia, Khoutem & Boujelbène, Thouraya & Helali, Kamel, 2014. "Financial development and economic growth: New evidence from Tunisia," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 883-898.
    8. Sanchita Mukherjee & Rina Bhattacharya, 2011. "Inflation Targeting and Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms in Emerging Market Economies," IMF Working Papers 11/229, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Ahmed El-Masry & Dalia El-Mosallamy & Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2015. "Mutual Fund Performance in MENA Countries: Environmental Conditions and Fund Characteristics," Working Papers 2015/02, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    10. Edgar Demetrio Tovar, 2011. "Globalización financiera y sus efectos sobre el desarrollo financiero," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(66), pages 80-127, Diciembre.
    11. Milenkovic, Nemanja & Vukmirovic, Jovanka & Bulajic, Milica & Radojicic, Zoran, 2014. "A multivariate approach in measuring socio-economic development of MENA countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 604-608.
    12. Kar, Muhsin & Nazlıoğlu, Şaban & Ağır, Hüseyin, 2011. "Financial development and economic growth nexus in the MENA countries: Bootstrap panel granger causality analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 685-693.
    13. Kamal, Mona, 2013. "Financial Development and Economic Growth in Egypt: A Re-investigation," MPRA Paper 48564, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. RACHDI, Houssem & Hakimi, Abdelaziz & Hamdi, Helmi, 2015. "Financial Liberalization, Banking Crisis and Economic Growth in MENA Region: Do Institutions Matter?," MPRA Paper 64562, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. El-Masry, Ahmed A. & de Mingo-López, Diego Víctor & Matallín-Sáez, Juan Carlos & Tortosa-Ausina, Emili, 2016. "Environmental conditions, fund characteristics, and Islamic orientation: An analysis of mutual fund performance for the MENA region," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 132(S), pages 174-197.
    16. Edgar Demetrio Tovar García, 2012. "Financial globalization and financial development in Latin America," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, August.
    17. Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Financial Development, Bank Efficiency and Economic Growth across the Mediterranean," CEPS Papers 7832, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    18. Belkhir, Mohamed & Maghyereh, Aktham & Awartani, Basel, 2016. "Institutions and corporate capital structure in the MENA region," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 99-129.
    19. repec:bla:ausecp:v:56:y:2017:i:3:p:228-248 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Erasmus L Owusu, 2016. "Stock Market and Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-13, November.
    21. Moumen, Néjia & Ben Othman, Hakim & Hussainey, Khaled, 2015. "The value relevance of risk disclosure in annual reports: Evidence from MENA emerging markets," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 177-204.
    22. Zouheir Abida & Imen Mohamed Sghaier & Nahed Zghidi, 2015. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from North African Countries," Economic Alternatives, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 2, pages 17-33, April.
    23. Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Benchmarking the Financial Sector in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries and Projecting 2030 Financial Sector Scenarios," CEPS Papers 7868, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    24. Ba, Lika & Gasmi, Farid, 2011. "To what extent do infrastructure and financial sectors reforms interplay? Evidence from panel data on the power sector in developing countries," IDEI Working Papers 692, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.

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