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Employment and the collateral channel of monetary policy

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  • Bahaj, Saleem Abubakr
  • Foulis, Angus
  • Pinter, Gabor
  • Surico, Paolo

Abstract

This paper uses a detailed firm-level dataset to show that monetary policy propagates via asset prices through corporate debt collateralised on real estate. Our research design exploits the fact that many small and medium sized firms use the homes of the firm’s directors as a key source of collateral, and directors’ homes are typically not in the same region as their firm. This spatial separation of firms and firms’ collateral allows us to separate the propagation of monetary policy via fluctuations in collateral values from that via demand channels. We find that younger and more levered firms who have collateral values that are particularly sensitive to monetary policy show the largest employment response to monetary policy. The collateral channel explains a sizeable share of the aggregate employment response.

Suggested Citation

  • Bahaj, Saleem Abubakr & Foulis, Angus & Pinter, Gabor & Surico, Paolo, 2018. "Employment and the collateral channel of monetary policy," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 100934, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:100934
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    Cited by:

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    2. Czech, Robert & Pintér, Gábor, 2020. "Informed trading and the dynamics of client-dealer connections in corporate bond markets," Bank of England working papers 895, Bank of England, revised 20 Jan 2022.
    3. Durante, Elena & Ferrando, Annalisa & Vermeulen, Philip, 2022. "Monetary policy, investment and firm heterogeneity," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 148(C).
    4. Albuquerque, Bruno, 2021. "Corporate debt booms, financial constraints and the investment nexus," Bank of England working papers 935, Bank of England.
    5. Benetton, Matteo & Gavazza, Alessandro & Surico, Paolo, 2021. "Mortgage pricing and monetary policy," Bank of England working papers 936, Bank of England.
    6. Leonardo Gambacorta & Yiping Huang & Zhenhua Li & Han Qiu & Shu Chen, 2020. "Data vs collateral," BIS Working Papers 881, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Cumming, Fergus, 2022. "Mortgage cash-flows and employment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    8. Fumitaka Nakamura & Nao Sudo & Yu Sugisaki, 2021. "Monetary Policy Shocks and the Employment of Young, Middle-Aged, and Old Workers," IMES Discussion Paper Series 21-E-06, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    9. Anderson, Gareth & Cesa-Bianchi, Ambrogio, 2020. "Crossing the credit channel: credit spreads and firm heterogeneity," Bank of England working papers 854, Bank of England.
    10. Balleer, Almut & Zorn, Peter, 2019. "Monetary Policy, Price Setting, and Credit Constraints," CEPR Discussion Papers 14163, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Singh, Aarti & Suda, Jacek & Zervou, Anastasia, 2021. "Heterogeneous labour market response to monetary policy: small versus large firms," Working Papers 2021-07, University of Sydney, School of Economics, revised Nov 2021.
    12. Sumit Agarwa & Yongheng Deng & Quanlin Gu & Jia He & Wenlan Qian & Yuan Ren, 2022. "Mortgage Debt, Hand-to-Mouth Households, and Monetary Policy Transmission [Policy intervention in debt renegotiation: evidence from the home affordable modification program]," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 26(3), pages 487-520.
    13. Davide Melcangi & Javier Turen, 2021. "Subsidizing Startups under Imperfect Information," Staff Reports 995, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    14. Balleer, Almut & Zorn, Peter, 2020. "The Micro-level Price Response to Monetary Policy," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224557, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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