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Dynamism Diminished: The Role of Housing Markets and Credit Conditions

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  • Steven J. Davis
  • John C. Haltiwanger

Abstract

We estimate the effects of house price changes on young-firm employment shares and industry- level employment growth in local economies. A novel test shows that house price effects on local economies work through wealth, liquidity and collateral effects on the propensity to start new firms and expand young ones. Aggregating local effects to the national level, our estimates imply that housing market ups and downs play a major role – as transmission channel and driving force – in medium-run fluctuations in young-firm employment shares in recent decades. We also find a distinct and smaller role for locally exogenous loan-supply shifts.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger, 2019. "Dynamism Diminished: The Role of Housing Markets and Credit Conditions," NBER Working Papers 25466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25466
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    3. Maryam Farboodi & Adrien Matray & Laura Veldkamp & Venky Venkateswaran, 2022. "Where Has All the Data Gone? [A noisy rational expectations equilibrium for multi-asset securities markets]," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 35(7), pages 3101-3138.
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    5. Knut Are Aastveit & Bruno Albuquerque & André Anundsen, 2019. "Changing supply elasticities and regional housing booms," Working Paper 2019/8, Norges Bank.
    6. Autor, David & Dorn, David & Hanson, Gordon, 2021. "On the Persistence of the China Shock," CEPR Discussion Papers 16688, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Gutiérrez, Germán & Jones, Callum & Philippon, Thomas, 2021. "Entry costs and aggregate dynamics," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(S), pages 77-91.
    8. John C. Haltiwanger, 2022. "Entrepreneurship during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the Business Formation Statistics," Entrepreneurship and Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 1(1), pages 9-42.
    9. James Cloyne & Clodomiro Ferreira & Maren Froemel & Paolo Surico, 2021. "Monetary Policy, External Finance and Investment," Working Papers 92, Red Nacional de Investigadores en Economía (RedNIE).
    10. Peter Bednarek & Daniel Marcel te Kaat & Chang Ma & Alessandro Rebucci, 2021. "Capital Flows, Real Estate, and Local Cycles:Evidence from German Cities, Banks, and Firms," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 34(10), pages 5077-5134.
    11. Germán Gutiérrez & Callum Jones & Thomas Philippon, 2019. "Entry Costs and the Macroeconomy," NBER Working Papers 25609, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Emin Dinlersoz & Timothy Dunne & John Haltiwanger & Veronika Penciakova, 2021. "Business Formation: A Tale of Two Recessions," AEA Papers and Proceedings, American Economic Association, vol. 111, pages 253-257, May.
    13. Germán Gutiérrez & Thomas Philippon, 2019. "The Failure of Free Entry," NBER Working Papers 26001, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Maria Chiara Cavalleri & Boris Cournède & Volker Ziemann, 2019. "Housing markets and macroeconomic risks," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1555, OECD Publishing.
    15. Ryan Niladri Banerjee & Enisse Kharroubi, 2020. "The financial vulnerabilities driving firms to the exit," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, December.
    16. Smirnyagin, Vladimir, 2020. "Compositional nature of firm growth and aggregate fluctuations," Bank of England working papers 846, Bank of England.
    17. Matias Covarrubias & Germán Gutiérrez & Thomas Philippon, 2019. "From Good to Bad Concentration? US Industries over the Past 30 Years," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2019, volume 34, pages 1-46, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Banerjee, Ryan & Blickle, Kristian, 2021. "Financial frictions, real estate collateral and small firm activity in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    19. Kerr, Sari Pekkala & Kerr, William R. & Nanda, Ramana, 2022. "House prices, home equity and entrepreneurship: Evidence from U.S. census micro data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 103-119.
    20. Laura Veldkamp, 2020. "The Research Agenda: Laura Veldkamp on Modeling and Measuring the Data Economy," EconomicDynamics Newsletter, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 21(1), April.
    21. Samuel Brien, 2021. "Wealth Inequality, Uninsurable Entrepreneurial Risk and Firms Markup," Working Paper 1476, Economics Department, Queen's University.
    22. John Haltiwanger, 2022. "Entrepreneurship in the twenty-first century," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 27-40, January.
    23. Aslan, Hadiye & Kumar, Praveen, 2021. "Globalization and entrepreneurial entry and exit: Evidence from U.S. households," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 83-100.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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