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Proximity and scientific collaboration: Evidence from the global wine industry

  • Lorenzo Cassi
  • Andrea Morrison
  • Roberta Rabellotti

International collaboration among researchers is a far from linear and straightforward process. Scientometric studies provide a good way of understanding why and how international research collaboration occurs and what are its costs and benefits. Our study investigates patterns of international scientific collaboration in a specific field: wine related research. We test a gravity model that accounts for geographical, cultural, commercial, technological, structural and institutional differences among a group of Old World (OW) and New World (NW) producers and consumers. Our findings confirm the problems imposed by geographical and technological distance on international research collaboration. Furthermore, they show that similarity in trade patterns has a positive impact on international scientific collaboration. We also find that international research collaboration is more likely among peers, in other words, among wine producing countries that belong to the same group, e.g. OW producers or newcomers to the wine industry.

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Paper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 1405.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision: Feb 2014
Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1405
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  12. Frenken, Koen & Hardeman, Sjoerd & Hoekman, Jarno, 2009. "Spatial scientometrics: Towards a cumulative research program," Journal of Informetrics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 222-232.
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  15. Meric S. Gertler, 2003. "Tacit knowledge and the economic geography of context, or The undefinable tacitness of being (there)," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 75-99, January.
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  17. Lucio, Picci & Luca, Savorelli, 2013. "The Technological Specialization of Countries: An Analysis of Patent Data," SIRE Discussion Papers 2013-24, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
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