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Collaboration in pharmaceutical research: exploration of country-level determinants

Author

Listed:
  • Tatiana Plotnikova

    (National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (STATEC))

  • Bastian Rake

    (University of Passau)

Abstract

In this paper we focus on proximity as one of the main determinants of international collaboration in pharmaceutical research. We use various count data specifications of the gravity model to estimate the intensity of collaboration between pairs of countries as explained by the geographical, cognitive, institutional, social, and cultural dimensions of proximity. Our results suggest that geographical distance has a significant negative relation to the collaboration intensity between countries. The amount of previous collaborations, as a proxy for social proximity, is positively related to the number of cross-country collaborations. We do not find robust significant associations between cognitive proximity or institutional proximity with the intensity of international research collaboration. Our findings for cultural proximity do not allow of unambiguous conclusions concerning their influence on the collaboration intensity between countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatiana Plotnikova & Bastian Rake, 2014. "Collaboration in pharmaceutical research: exploration of country-level determinants," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 98(2), pages 1173-1202, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:98:y:2014:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-013-1182-6
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-013-1182-6
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International cooperation; Pharmaceuticals; Proximity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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