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Scientific collaboration between ‘old’ and ‘new’ member states: Did joining the European Union make a difference?

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  • Teemu Makkonen

    () (University of Surrey
    University of Southern Denmark)

  • Timo Mitze

    (University of Southern Denmark)

Abstract

Abstract This paper provides new insights on the effects of the enlargement of the European Union (EU) and European integration by investigating the issue of scientific collaboration within the new EU member states vis-à-vis the old EU member states. The question addressed is whether the EU membership following the two enlargement waves 2004 and 2007 has significantly increased the co-publication intensity of the new member states with other member countries. The empirical results based on data collected from the Web of Science database and Difference-in-Difference estimations point towards a conclusion that joining the EU indeed has had an additional positive impact on the co-publication intensity between the new and old member states and, in particular, within the new member states themselves. These results give tentative support for the successfulness of the EU’s science policies in achieving a common ‘internal market’ in research. We also find evidence for early anticipation effects of the consecutive EU accession.

Suggested Citation

  • Teemu Makkonen & Timo Mitze, 2016. "Scientific collaboration between ‘old’ and ‘new’ member states: Did joining the European Union make a difference?," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 106(3), pages 1193-1215, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:106:y:2016:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-015-1824-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-015-1824-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Simen G. Enger & Fulvio Castellacci, 2016. "Who gets Horizon 2020 research grants? Propensity to apply and probability to succeed in a two-step analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(3), pages 1611-1638, December.
    2. repec:spr:scient:v:111:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-017-2328-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:scient:v:113:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-017-2488-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:ces:ifofor:v:19:y:2018:i:1:p:16-23 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:scient:v:112:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11192-017-2389-8 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Co-publications; Difference-in-Difference; European Research Area; European Union; Science and technology policy; Scientific collaboration;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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