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Risk-Based Capital Requirements for Banks and International Trade

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  • Michalski , Tomasz
  • Ors , Evren

Abstract

The authors provide the first evidence that changes in risk-based capital requirements for banks affect the real economy through international trade. Using a natural experiment – mandatory Basel II adoption in its Standardized Approach by all banks in Turkey on July 1, 2012 – they investigate the impact of new risk-weights applied to commercial letters of credit (CLC) on that country’s exports to 174 countries. The authors estimate the resulting payment-term-cost elasticity of CLC-financed trade to be between -0.5 and -1 while the overall trade elasticity to be between -0.032 and -0.179. Calculations suggest that both CLC-related bank pricing and rationing channels are involved.

Suggested Citation

  • Michalski , Tomasz & Ors , Evren, 2014. "Risk-Based Capital Requirements for Banks and International Trade," HEC Research Papers Series 1064, HEC Paris.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:1064
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    Cited by:

    1. Silvia Del Prete & Stefano Federico, 2020. "Do links between banks matter for bilateral trade? Evidence from financial crises," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(4), pages 859-885, November.
    2. Defever, F. & Riaño, A. & Varela, G., 2020. "Evaluating the Impact of Export Finance Support On Firm-level Export Performance: Evidence from Pakistan," Working Papers 20/14, Department of Economics, City University London.
    3. Andreas Hoefele & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr & Zhihong Yu, 2016. "Payment choice in international trade: Theory and evidence from cross-country firm-level data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 49(1), pages 296-319, February.
    4. Josephson, Jens & Shapiro, Joel, 2020. "Credit ratings and structured finance," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 41(C).
    5. Gopalakrishnan, Balagopal & Jacob, Joshy & Mohapatra, Sanket, 2021. "Risk-sensitive Basel regulations and firms’ access to credit: Direct and indirect effects," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    6. Silvia Del Prete & Stefano Federico, 0. "Do links between banks matter for bilateral trade? Evidence from financial crises," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 0, pages 1-27.
    7. Silvia Del Prete & Stefano Federico, 2019. "Does trust among banks matter for bilateral trade? Evidence from shocks in the interbank market," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1217, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    commercial letters of credit; international trade finance; exports; risk-weights; Basel II;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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