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The Determinants of Anti-trafficking Policies: Evidence from a New Index

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  • Seo-Young Cho
  • Axel Dreher
  • Eric Neumayer

Abstract

We develop a new index measuring governments' anti-trafficking policies for up to 180 countries over the 2000-2010 period. We assess a country's level of compliance in the three main dimensions of anti-trafficking policies - prosecution, protection and prevention. The results show that compliance with prosecution policy is highest, while governmental efforts to protect victims of human trafficking remain weakest. Overall, developed countries perform better than the rest of the world. We employ the new indices to investigate what determines anti-trafficking policies. We find that compliance with anti-trafficking policies significantly decreases with corruption and is higher in countries that also respect the rights of women. We also find some tentative evidence for spatial dependence in anti-trafficking policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Seo-Young Cho & Axel Dreher & Eric Neumayer, 2012. "The Determinants of Anti-trafficking Policies: Evidence from a New Index," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 72, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diweos:diweos72
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandra Rudolph & Friedrich Schneider, 2017. "International Human Trafficking: Measuring Clandestinity by the Structural Equation Approach," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 5(2), pages 39-58.
    2. Seo-Young Cho, 2015. "Measuring Anti-Trafficking Policy—Integrating Text and Statistical Analyses," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 96(2), pages 656-683, June.
    3. Chemin, Matthieu & Mbiekop, Flaubert, 2015. "Addressing child sex tourism: The Indian case," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 169-180.
    4. Josefina Erikson & Oscar L. Larsson, 2020. "How platforms facilitate collaboration across organizational boundaries: fighting human trafficking in Sweden," Policy Sciences, Springer;Society of Policy Sciences, vol. 53(1), pages 181-203, March.
    5. Seo-Young Cho, 2016. "Liberal coercion? Prostitution, human trafficking and policy," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 41(2), pages 321-348, April.
    6. Seo-Young Cho, 2015. "Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 3(1), pages 2-21.
    7. Guido, Friebel & Miriam, Manchin & Mariapia, Mendola & Giovanni, Prarolo, 2017. "Human Smuggling and Intentions to Migrate: Global Evidence from a Supply Shock along Africa-to-Europe Migration Routes," Working Papers 375, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 06 Dec 2017.
    8. Friebel, Guido & Manchin, Miriam & Mendola, Mariapia & Prarolo, Giovanni, 2018. "International Migration Intentions and Illegal Costs: Evidence from Africa-to-Europe Smuggling Routes," IZA Discussion Papers 11978, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Schmaljohann, Maya, 2013. "Pretending to be the Good Guy. How to Increase ODA Inflows while Abusing Human Rights," Working Papers 0549, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
    10. Artadi, Elsa & Björkman Nyqvist, Martina & Kuecken, Maria & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2018. "Understanding Human Trafficking Using Victim-Level Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 13279, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Friebel, Guido & Manchin, Miriam & Mendola, Mariapia & Prarolo, Giovanni, 2018. "International Migration Intentions and Illegal Costs: Evidence Using Africa-to-Europe Smuggling Routes," CEPR Discussion Papers 13326, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    human trafficking; human rights; compliance; anti-trafficking policies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • P41 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform

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