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The Economics of Tracking and Non-Tracking

Author

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  • Volker Meier

    ()

  • Gabriela Schütz

Abstract

There exists substantial variation across countries as to whether and how students are grouped in classes according to ability. Economic analyses stress that there is joint production of human capital in schools, where output increases with mean ability in the class. Ability tracking may therefore be particularly helpful for talented students. At the same time, weak students may benefit via tailored and specialised courses. The vast majority of the econometric literature suggests that tracking promotes inequality in academic achievement. By contrast, the empirical literature on the impact of tracking on average student performance is inconclusive. Only few studies find a significant association, including both positive and negative estimates.

Suggested Citation

  • Volker Meier & Gabriela Schütz, 2007. "The Economics of Tracking and Non-Tracking," ifo Working Paper Series 50, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_50
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/IfoWorkingPaper-50.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grammar schools: the new Brexit
      by chris in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2016-08-08 17:40:33

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    Cited by:

    1. Piopiunik, Marc, 2014. "The effects of early tracking on student performance: Evidence from a school reform in Bavaria," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 12-33.
    2. Marc Piopiunik, 2011. "Microeconometric Analyses of Education Production in Germany," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 40.
    3. Ludger Wößmann, 2009. "International Evidence on School Tracking: A Review," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 7(1), pages 26-34, 04.
    4. Jakubowski, Maciej & Pokropek, Artur, 2015. "Reading achievement progress across countries," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 77-88.
    5. Giorgio Brunello & Lorenzo Rocco & Kenn Ariga & Roki Iwahashi, 2012. "On the efficiency costs of de-tracking secondary schools in Europe," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 117-138, November.
    6. repec:taf:edecon:v:25:y:2017:i:2:p:127-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Esser, Hartmut & Relikowski, Ilona, 2015. "Is Ability Tracking (Really) Responsible for Educational Inequalities in Achievement? A Comparison between the Country States Bavaria and Hesse in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 9082, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Marlies Kornfeld & Carsten Ochsen, 2017. "Student assessment and grade retention: evidence from a natural experiment," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(2), pages 127-141, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tracking; ability grouping; peer group effects; school systems;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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