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Heterogeneous Consumers, Segmented Asset Markets, and the Real Effects of Monetary Policy

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  • Zeno Enders

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel mechanism by which changes in the distribution of money holdings have real aggregate effects. Specifically, I develop a flexible-price model of segmented asset markets in which monetary policy influences the aggregate demand elasticity via heterogenous money holdings. Because varieties of consumption bundles are purchased sequentially, newly injected money disseminates slowly throughout the economy via secondround effects. The model predicts a short-term inflation-output trade-off, a liquidity effect, countercyclical markups, and procyclical wages after monetary shocks. Among other correlations of financial variables, it also reproduces the empirical, negative relationship between changes in the money supply and markups.

Suggested Citation

  • Zeno Enders, 2017. "Heterogeneous Consumers, Segmented Asset Markets, and the Real Effects of Monetary Policy," CESifo Working Paper Series 6467, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6467
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    Keywords

    segmented asset markets; monetary policy; countercyclical markups; liquidity effect; heterogenous money holdings;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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