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Bank Behavior and the Cost Channel of Monetary Transmission

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  • Oliver Hülsewig
  • Eric Mayer
  • Timo Wollmershäuser

Abstract

This paper presents a New Keynesian model that dwells on the role of banks in the cost channel of monetary policy. Banks extend loans to firms in an environment of monopolistic competition by setting the loan rate according to a Calvo-type staggered price setting approach, which means that the adjustment of the aggregate loan rate to a monetary policy shock is sticky. We estimate the model for the Euro area by adopting a minimum distance approach. Our findings exhibit that, first, frictions on the loan market influence the propagation of monetary policy shocks as the pass-through of a change in the money market rate to the loan rate is incomplete, and, second, the cost channel is operating, but the effect is weak since inflation is driven by real unit labor costs rather than the loan rate. Our main conclusion is that the strength of the cost channel is mitigated as banks shelter firms from monetary policy shocks by smoothing lending rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Oliver Hülsewig & Eric Mayer & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2006. "Bank Behavior and the Cost Channel of Monetary Transmission," CESifo Working Paper Series 1813, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1813
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Peter Montiel, 2008. "Monetary Policy Analysis in a Small Open Credit-Based Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 423-455, September.
    2. Kaufmann, Sylvia & Scharler, Johann, 2009. "Financial systems and the cost channel transmission of monetary policy shocks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 40-46, January.
    3. Pfajfar, Damjan & Santoro, Emiliano, 2014. "Credit Market Distortions, Asset Prices And Monetary Policy," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(03), pages 631-650, April.
    4. Gerke, R. & Jonsson, M. & Kliem, M. & Kolasa, M. & Lafourcade, P. & Locarno, A. & Makarski, K. & McAdam, P., 2013. "Assessing macro-financial linkages: A model comparison exercise," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 253-264.
    5. Henzel, Steffen & Hülsewig, Oliver & Mayer, Eric & Wollmershäuser, Timo, 2009. "The price puzzle revisited: Can the cost channel explain a rise in inflation after a monetary policy shock?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 268-289, June.
    6. Pesaran, M. H. & Xu, T., 2011. "Business Cycle Effects of Credit and Technology Shocks in a DSGE Model with Firm Defaults," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1159, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    7. Yunus Aksoy & Henrique S. Basso & Javier Coto-Martinez, 2013. "Lending Relationships And Monetary Policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(1), pages 368-393, January.
    8. Sylvia Kaufmann & Johann Scharler, 2009. "Bank-Lending Standards, the Cost Channel and Inflation Dynamics," Economics working papers 2009-16, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    9. Mayer, Eric & Hülsewig, Oliver & Henzel, Steffen & Wollmershäuser, Timo, 2006. "The Price Puzzle Revisited: Can the Cost Channel explain a Rise in Inflation after a Monetary Shock?," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 74, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
    10. Totzek, Alexander, 2008. "The Bank, the Bank-Run, and the Central Bank: The Impact of Early Deposit Withdrawals in a New Keynesian Framework," Economics Working Papers 2008-20, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    11. M. Hashem Pesaran & TengTeng Xu, 2013. "Business Cycle Effects of Credit Shocks in a DSGE Model with Firm Defaults," Staff Working Papers 13-19, Bank of Canada.
    12. Jagjit S. Chadha & Germana Corrado & Luisa Corrado, 2013. "Stabilisation Policy in a Model of Consumption, Housing Collateral and Bank Lending," Studies in Economics 1316, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    13. Chu, Shiou-Yen, 2013. "Credit frictions and consumption dynamics in an open economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 250-260.
    14. Aqib Aslam & Emiliano Santoro, 2008. "Bank Lending, Housing and Spreads," Discussion Papers 08-27, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics, revised Nov 2008.
    15. Kapinos, Pavel, 2011. "Forward-looking monetary policy and anticipated shocks to inflation," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 620-633.
    16. Kilponen, Juha & Milne, Alistair, 2007. "The lending channel under optimal choice of monetary policy," Research Discussion Papers 33/2007, Bank of Finland.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank behavior; cost channel; minimum distance estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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