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Dinámica de la inflación y el canal de costos: Una aplicación para Chile

  • David Coble

La importancia de los mecanismos de transmisión de la política monetaria hacen imprescindible un estudio acabado de los posibles canales por los que pueda influir el instrumento utilizado. El mecanismo tradicional de transmisión es aquel en el que un aumento de la tasa de interés busca disminuir las presiones de precios por el lado de la demanda. No obstante lo anterior, existe otro posible canal relevante de transmisión de política monetaria: el canal de costos. Un aumento del interés nominal afecta la función de costos de empresas que se endeudan para pagar a sus trabajadores. De esta manera, el efecto de un incremento de la tasa de interés sobre la dinámica de precios iría en el sentido contrario al señalado por el canal tradicional de política monetaria. El propósito de este trabajo es estimar la curva de Phillips para el caso chileno, y verificar si el canal de costos afecta la dinámica de la inflación. Los resultados sugieren que dicho canal no sería relevante en Chile y que, en caso de existir, sería cuantitativamente pequeño.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/df3b40f4-a74c-4e9d-92a4-ce3b30aefb5c.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp274.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp274
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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  1. Ravenna, Federico & Walsh, Carl E., 2006. "Optimal monetary policy with the cost channel," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 199-216, March.
  2. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles Evans, 2001. "Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 8403, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Marvin J. Barth III & Valerie A. Ramey, 2002. "The Cost Channel of Monetary Transmission," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2001, Volume 16, pages 199-256 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Clarida, R. & Gali, J. & Gertler, M., 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Working Papers 99-13, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  5. Sbordone, A.M., 1998. "Prices and Unit Labor Costs: a New Test of Price Stickiness," Papers 653, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  6. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark & Lopez-Salido, J. David, 2001. "European inflation dynamics," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 1237-1270.
  7. Ibrahim Chowdhury & Mathias Hoffmann & Andreas Schabert, . "Inflation Dynamics and the Cost Channel of Monetary Transmission," Working Papers 2003_19, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow, revised Oct 2003.
  8. Jordi Galí & Mark Gertler, 1998. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Economics Working Papers 341, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  9. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  10. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kahn, Charles M, 1980. "The Solution of Linear Difference Models under Rational Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(5), pages 1305-11, July.
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