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Aid and Universal Primary Education

  • Laurent WAGNER
  • Rohen DE JUNET D'AIGLEPIERRE

Universal Primary Education (UPE) is one of the main objectives of development aid. However, very little empirical evidence of its effectiveness actually exists. Until very recently, the quality of available data was not sufficient to obtain robust results regarding the relationship between international aid and educational achievements. In this article, the latest, more disaggregated and more reliable data is used to study the relationship between aid to education and educational achievements. The focus here not only on educational variables in term of coverage, but also in term of equity and process. The year of Fast Track Initiative (FTI) endorsement is used as an original instrument to tackle the endogeneity problem of aid. Our results are very robust and indicate that aid to primary education has a strong effect on primary school enrollment and gender parity. A negative impact on repetitions rate is also indicated while no effect on the pupil teacher ratio can be observed. Diminishing return in the effectiveness of aid to primary education may also be highlighted. Finally, the governance variables do not appear to have an impact on this relationship.

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Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 201022.

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Length: 29
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1182
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  1. Amparo Castelló-Climent & Ana Hidalgo-Cabrillana, 2011. "The Role of Educational Quality and Quantity in the Process of Economic Development," CEP Discussion Papers dp1087, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2010. "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010," NBER Working Papers 15902, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  4. repec:inr:wpaper:167812 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Michaelowa, Katharina, 2001. "Primary Education Quality in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants of Learning Achievement and Efficiency Considerations," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1699-1716, October.
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  7. Mariana Vijil & Laurent Wagner, 2010. "Does aid for trade enhance export performance? Investigating on the infrastructure channel," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 10-07, INRA UMR SMART.
  8. Lisa Chauvet & Patrick Guillaumont, 2011. "Aid, Volatility and Growth Again. When Aid Volatility Matters and When it Does Not," Working Papers halshs-00557123, HAL.
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  14. Paul Collier & Anke Hoeffler, 2007. "Unintended Consequences: Does Aid Promote Arms Races?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(1), pages 1-27, 02.
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  17. Tavares, Jose, 2003. "Does foreign aid corrupt?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 99-106, April.
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  19. David Roodman, 2007. "The Anarchy of Numbers: Aid, Development, and Cross-Country Empirics," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 255-277, May.
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