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Sharp Bounds and Testability of a Roy Model of STEM Major Choices

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  • Ismaël Mourifié
  • Marc Henry
  • Romuald Méango

Abstract

We analyze the empirical content of the Roy model, stripped down to sector-specific unobserved heterogeneity and self-selection on the basis of potential outcomes. We characterize sharp bounds on the joint distribution of potential outcomes and testable implications of the Roy model. We apply these bounds to derive a measure of departure from Roy self-selection, so as to identify prime targets for intervention. Special emphasis is put on the case of binary outcomes. We analyze a Roy model of college major choice in Canada and Germany and take a new look at the underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Suggested Citation

  • Ismaël Mourifié & Marc Henry & Romuald Méango, 2020. "Sharp Bounds and Testability of a Roy Model of STEM Major Choices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 128(8), pages 3220-3283.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:doi:10.1086/708724
    DOI: 10.1086/708724
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    Cited by:

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    3. Santiago Acerenza & Kyunghoon Ban & D'esir'e K'edagni, 2021. "Marginal Treatment Effects with Misclassified Treatment," Papers 2105.00358, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2022.
    4. Mario Fiorini & Katrien Stevens, 2021. "Scrutinizing the Monotonicity Assumption in IV and fuzzy RD designs," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 83(6), pages 1475-1526, December.
    5. Kamat, Vishal, 2019. "Identification with Latent Choice Sets," TSE Working Papers 19-1031, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    6. Farré, Lídia & Ortega, Francesc, 2021. "Family Ties, Geographic Mobility and the Gender Gap in Academic Aspirations," IZA Discussion Papers 14561, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Vishal Kamat, 2017. "Identifying the Effects of a Program Offer with an Application to Head Start," Papers 1711.02048, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2021.
    8. Ban, Kyunghoon & Kedagni, Desire, 2020. "Nonparametric Bounds on Treatment Effects with Imperfect Instruments," ISU General Staff Papers 202010120700001113, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    9. D'esir'e K'edagni & Lixiong Li & Ismael Mourifi'e, 2020. "Discordant Relaxations of Misspecified Models," Papers 2012.11679, arXiv.org, revised Dec 2021.
    10. Vishal Kamat, 2018. "On the Identifying Content of Instrument Monotonicity," Papers 1807.01661, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2019.
    11. Federica Braccioli & Paolo Ghinetti & Simone Moriconi & Michele Pellizzari & Costanza Naguib, 2022. "Education expansion, college choice and labour market success," Diskussionsschriften dp2207, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
    12. Andrew Chesher & Adam Rosen, 2018. "Generalized instrumental variable models, methods, and applications," CeMMAP working papers CWP43/18, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    13. Marc Henry & Ivan Sidorov, 2020. "Occupational segregation in a Roy model with composition preferences," Papers 2012.04485, arXiv.org.
    14. Marc Henry & Romuald Meango & Ismael Mourifié, 2020. "Revealing Gender-Specific Costs of STEM in an Extended Roy Model of Major Choice," Working Papers 2020-035, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    15. Francesca Molinari, 2020. "Microeconometrics with Partial Identification," Papers 2004.11751, arXiv.org.
    16. Hiroaki Kaido & Yi Zhang, 2019. "Robust Likelihood Ratio Tests for Incomplete Economic Models," Papers 1910.04610, arXiv.org, revised Dec 2019.
    17. Ashesh Rambachan, 2022. "Identifying Prediction Mistakes in Observational Data," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of Artificial Intelligence, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Francesca Molinari, 2019. "Econometrics with Partial Identification," CeMMAP working papers CWP25/19, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    19. Thomas M. Russell, 2020. "Policy Transforms and Learning Optimal Policies," Papers 2012.11046, arXiv.org.
    20. Bleemer , Zachary & Mehta, Aashish, 2021. "College Major Restrictions and Student Stratification," University of California at Berkeley, Center for Studies in Higher Education qt513249vg, Center for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C34 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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