Monotone Instrumental Variables, with an Application to the Returns to Schooling
Econometric analyses of treatment response commonly use instrumental variable (IV) assumptions to identify treatment effects. Yet the credibility of IV assumptions is often a matter of considerable disagreement. There is therefore good reason to consider weaker but more credible assumptions. To this end, we introduce monotone instrumental variable (MIV) assumptions and the important special case of monotone treatment selection (MTS). We study the identifying power of MIV assumptions alone and combined with the assumption of monotone treatment response (MTR). We present an empirical application using the MTS and MTR assumptions to place upper bounds on the returns to schooling.
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Volume (Year): 68 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
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