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A Bayesian Markov-Switching Correlation Model for Contagion Analysis on Exchange Rate Markets

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  • Roberto Casarin
  • Domenico Sartore
  • Marco Tronzano

Abstract

This article develops a new Markov-switching vector autoregressive (VAR) model with stochastic correlation for contagion analysis on financial markets. The correlation and the log-volatility dynamics are driven by two independent Markov chains, thus allowing for different effects such as volatility spill-overs and correlation shifts with various degrees of intensity. We outline a suitable Bayesian inference procedure based on Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms. We then apply the model to some major and Asian-Pacific cross rates against the U.S. dollar and find strong evidence supporting the existence of contagion effects and correlation drops during crises, closely in line with the stylized facts outlined in the contagion literature. A comparison of this model with its closest competitors, such as a time-varying parameter VAR, reveals that our model has a better predictive ability. Supplementary materials for this article are available online

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  • Roberto Casarin & Domenico Sartore & Marco Tronzano, 2018. "A Bayesian Markov-Switching Correlation Model for Contagion Analysis on Exchange Rate Markets," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 101-114, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jnlbes:v:36:y:2018:i:1:p:101-114
    DOI: 10.1080/07350015.2015.1137757
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    4. Guidolin, Massimo & Hansen, Erwin & Pedio, Manuela, 2019. "Cross-asset contagion in the financial crisis: A Bayesian time-varying parameter approach," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 83-114.
    5. Josh Stillwagon & Peter Sullivan, 2020. "Markov switching in exchange rate models: will more regimes help?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 59(1), pages 413-436, July.
    6. Marco Tronzano, 2020. "Safe-Haven Assets, Financial Crises, and Macroeconomic Variables: Evidence from the Last Two Decades (2000–2018)," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(3), pages 1-21, February.
    7. Tianyao Chen & Xue Cheng & Jingping Yang, 2019. "Common Decomposition of Correlated Brownian Motions and its Financial Applications," Papers 1907.03295, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2020.
    8. Davidson, Sharada Nia, 2020. "Interdependence or contagion: A model switching approach with a focus on Latin America," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 166-197.

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