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Real time detection of structural breaks in GARCH models

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  • He, Zhongfang
  • Maheu, John M.

Abstract

A sequential Monte Carlo method for estimating GARCH models subject to an unknown number of structural breaks is proposed. Particle filtering techniques allow for fast and efficient updates of posterior quantities and forecasts in real time. The method conveniently deals with the path dependence problem that arises in these types of models. The performance of the method is shown to work well using simulated data. Applied to daily NASDAQ returns, the evidence favors a partial structural break specification in which only the intercept of the conditional variance equation has breaks compared to the full structural break specification in which all parameters are subject to change. The empirical application underscores the importance of model assumptions when investigating breaks. A model with normal return innovations result in strong evidence of breaks; while more flexible return distributions such as t-innovations or a GARCH-jump mixture model still favor breaks but indicate much more uncertainty regarding the time and impact of them.

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  • He, Zhongfang & Maheu, John M., 2010. "Real time detection of structural breaks in GARCH models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(11), pages 2628-2640, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:54:y:2010:i:11:p:2628-2640
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    Cited by:

    1. Mario Bonino & Matteo Camelia & Paolo Pigato, 2016. "A multivariate model for financial indices and an algorithm for detection of jumps in the volatility," Working Papers hal-01408495, HAL.
    2. Bauwens, Luc & Dufays, Arnaud & Rombouts, Jeroen V.K., 2014. "Marginal likelihood for Markov-switching and change-point GARCH models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 508-522.
    3. De Wachter, Stefan & Tzavalis, Elias, 2012. "Detection of structural breaks in linear dynamic panel data models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(11), pages 3020-3034.
    4. Raggi, Davide & Bordignon, Silvano, 2012. "Long memory and nonlinearities in realized volatility: A Markov switching approach," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(11), pages 3730-3742.
    5. Billio, Monica & Casarin, Roberto & Osuntuyi, Anthony, 2016. "Efficient Gibbs sampling for Markov switching GARCH models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 37-57.
    6. Almeida e Santos Nogueira, R.J. & Basturk, N. & Kaymak, U. & Costa Sousa, J.M., 2013. "Estimation of flexible fuzzy GARCH models for conditional density estimation," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2013-013-LIS, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    7. He, Zhongfang & Maheu, John M., 2010. "Real time detection of structural breaks in GARCH models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(11), pages 2628-2640, November.
    8. He, Zhongfang, 2009. "Forecasting output growth by the yield curve: the role of structural breaks," MPRA Paper 28208, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Chan, Joshua C.C. & Koop, Gary, 2014. "Modelling breaks and clusters in the steady states of macroeconomic variables," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 186-193.
    10. Bildirici, Melike & Ersin, Özgür, 2012. "Nonlinear volatility models in economics: smooth transition and neural network augmented GARCH, APGARCH, FIGARCH and FIAPGARCH models," MPRA Paper 40330, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2012.
    11. Kim, Kyungwon, 2013. "Modeling financial crisis period: A volatility perspective of Credit Default Swap market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(20), pages 4977-4988.
    12. Jin, Xin & Maheu, John M., 2016. "Modeling covariance breakdowns in multivariate GARCH," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 194(1), pages 1-23.
    13. Gallo, Giampiero M. & Otranto, Edoardo, 2015. "Forecasting realized volatility with changing average levels," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 620-634.
    14. Nonejad, Nima, 2017. "Parameter instability, stochastic volatility and estimation based on simulated likelihood: Evidence from the crude oil market," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 388-408.
    15. Ross, Gordon J., 2013. "Modelling financial volatility in the presence of abrupt changes," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(2), pages 350-360.
    16. Bauwens, Luc & De Backer, Bruno & Dufays, Arnaud, 2014. "A Bayesian method of change-point estimation with recurrent regimes: Application to GARCH models," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 207-229.
    17. Sigauke, C. & Chikobvu, D., 2011. "Prediction of daily peak electricity demand in South Africa using volatility forecasting models," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 882-888, September.
    18. Mario Bonino & Matteo Camelia & Paolo Pigato, 2014. "A multivariate model for financial indices and an algorithm for detection of jumps in the volatility," Papers 1404.7632, arXiv.org, revised Dec 2016.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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