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Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru

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  • Marta Favara

    () (University of Oxford, Queen Elizabeth House)

  • Alan Sanchez

    () (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

Abstract

Abstract We use a unique longitudinal dataset from Peru to investigate the relationship between psychosocial competencies related to the concepts of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and aspirations, and a number of risky behaviours at a crucial transition period between adolescence and early adulthood. First of all, we document a high prevalence of risky behaviours with 1 out of 2 individuals engaging in at least one risky activity by the age 19 with a dramatic increase between age 15 and 19. Second, we find a pronounced pro-male bias and some differences by area of residence particularly in drinking habits which are more prevalent in urban areas. Third, we find a negative correlation between early self-esteem and later risky behaviours which is robust to a number of specifications. Further, aspiring to higher education at the age of 15 is correlated to a lower probability of engaging in criminal behaviours at the age of 19. Similarly, aspirations protect girls from risky sexual behaviours. JEL classification: J24, J13, O15.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta Favara & Alan Sanchez, 2017. "Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 6(1), pages 1-40, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:izaldv:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40175-016-0069-3
    DOI: 10.1186/s40175-016-0069-3
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Teenage pregnancy; Risky behaviours; Psychosocial; Aspirations; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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