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Do Youths Substitute Alcohol and Marijuana? Some Econometric Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Frank J. Chaloupka

    (University of Illinois, Chicago
    NBER)

  • Adit Laixuthai

    (Chulalongkorn University)

Abstract

This paper examines the substitutability of alcoholic beverages and marijuana among youths. Results indicate that drinking frequency and heavy drinking are negatively related to beer prices, but positively related to the full price of marijuana. The implications of this for driving while intoxicated are examined using self-reported involvement in non-fatal accidents and state-level youth motor vehicle accident fatality rates. The results imply that the net effect of an increase in the full price of alcohol on youth traffic crashes is negative, while the opposite is found for marijuana.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank J. Chaloupka & Adit Laixuthai, 1997. "Do Youths Substitute Alcohol and Marijuana? Some Econometric Evidence," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 23(3), pages 253-276, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:23:y:1997:i:3:p:253-276
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    File URL: http://web.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume23/V23N3P253_276.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael Grossman & Frank J. Chaloupka & Henry Saffer & Adit Laixuthai, 1993. "Effects of Alcohol Price Policy on Youth," NBER Working Papers 4385, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Chaloupka, Frank J & Saffer, Henry & Grossman, Michael, 1993. "Alcohol-Control Policies and Motor-Vehicle Fatalities," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(1), pages 161-186, January.
    3. Henry Saffer & Michael Grossman, 1986. "Beer Taxes, the Legal Drinking Age, and Youth Motor Vehicle Fatalities," NBER Working Papers 1914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. John DiNardo & Thomas Lemieux, 1992. "Alcohol, Marijuana, and American Youth: The Unintended Effects of Government Regulation," NBER Working Papers 4212, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Coate, Douglas & Grossman, Michael, 1988. "Effects of Alcoholic Beverage Prices and Legal Drinking Ages on Youth Alcohol Use," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 145-171, April.
    6. Yamaguchi, K. & Kandel, D.B., 1984. "Patterns of drug use from adolescence to young adulthood: II. Sequences of progression," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 74(7), pages 668-672.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Youth;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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