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Monopolizacja władzy a wyniki gospodarcze na poziomie Polski lokalnej

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  • Jan Fałkowski
  • Grażyna Bukowska

Abstract

Celem artykułu jest analiza konsekwencji, jakie może przynieść dla wybranych procesów społeczno-gospodarczych w gminach wiejskich w Polsce brak wymiany na stanowisku wójta. Wykorzystując proste modelowanie ekonometryczne, w artykule porównano gminy, w których od pierwszych wyborów z roku 1990 przez sześć kadencji (tj. także po wyborach w roku 2010) urząd wójta piastowany był przez jedną osobę z gminami, w których takiej ciągłości władzy nie zaobserwowano. Materiałem do porównań są zmienne opisujące poziom bezrobocia, strukturę gminnego budżetu, oraz uczestnictwo obywateli w wyborach samorządowych. Uzyskane wyniki skłaniają do przyjęcia hipotezy, iż monopolizacja władzy na poziomie lokalnym nie ma wpływu na kondycję gospodarczą gmin. Z drugiej strony, przeprowadzone analizy pokazują, że przekłada się ona na zmniejszone zainteresowanie mieszkańców wyborami do władz lokalnych. Brak jednoznacznie pozytywnych skutków długiego sprawowania władzy, gdy chodzi o wyniki gospodarcze, przy jednoczesnej mniejszej aktywności obywateli w życiu politycznym (gdy chodzi o udział w wyborach), skłania do stawiania pytań o funkcjonowanie mechanizmów selekcji władzy i ryzyko występowania procesów zawłaszczania państwa przez lokalne elity polityczne.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fałkowski & Grażyna Bukowska, 2016. "Monopolizacja władzy a wyniki gospodarcze na poziomie Polski lokalnej," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 2, pages 91-120.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:2:p:91-120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    monopol władzy; konkurencja polityczna; reelekcja; wybory lokalne;

    JEL classification:

    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods

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