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Electoral competition and political selection: An analysis of the activity of French deputies, 1958-2012

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  • Nicolas GAVOILLE

    (Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, Latvia - Condorcet Center, University Rennes 1, France)

  • Marijn VERSCHELDE

    (EISEG School of Management, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, France, and Center for Economic Studies, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the relation between electoral competition and po-litical selection, using a unique dataset containing detailed yearly information about members of the French National Assembly from 1958 to 2012. First, we innovate by using activity as a proxy for politicians’ quality. As we gathered information on the many aspects of deputies’ individual work, we use a non-parametric composite indicator of deputy activity that fully acknowledges the multidimensional nature of parliamentary work. Second, we do not impose any assumption about the relationship between electoral competition and political selection by using a fully nonparametric framework. Third, this method allows studying the evolution of the relationship between electoral competition and political selection over time. Overall, our results show that deputies elected in apriori contested districts have a higher overall activity, with the intensity of this relationship reaching its peak in the 80’s but constantly decreasing since then.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas GAVOILLE & Marijn VERSCHELDE, 2016. "Electoral competition and political selection: An analysis of the activity of French deputies, 1958-2012," Economics Working Paper from Condorcet Center for political Economy at CREM-CNRS 2016-02-ccr, Condorcet Center for political Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:tut:cccrwp:2016-02-ccr
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Gavoille, 2017. "Who are the 'ghost' MPs? evidence froM the french ParliaMent," Working Papers halshs-01549022, HAL.
    2. Björn Kauder & Niklas Potrafke, 2017. "Conservative Politicians and Voting on Same-Sex Marriage," CESifo Working Paper Series 6706, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. repec:eee:poleco:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:134-148 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Competition; Election; Political Selection; Kernel Regression; Nonparametric Econometrics;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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