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Workforce Reductions at Women-Owned Businesses in the United States

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  • David A. Matsa
  • Amalia R. Miller

Abstract

The authors find that privately held firms owned by women were less likely than those owned by men to downsize their workforces during the Great Recession. Year-to-year employment reductions were as much as 29% smaller at women-owned firms, even after controlling for industry, size, and profitability. Using data that allow the authors to control for additional detailed firm and owner characteristics, they also find that women-owned firms operated with greater labor intensity after the previous recession and were less likely to hire temporary or leased workers. These patterns extend previous findings associating female business leadership with increased labor hoarding.

Suggested Citation

  • David A. Matsa & Amalia R. Miller, 2014. "Workforce Reductions at Women-Owned Businesses in the United States," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 67(2), pages 422-452, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:67:y:2014:i:2:p:422-452
    DOI: 10.1177/001979391406700206
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Charlene Marie Kalenkoski & Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia, 2022. "Impacts of COVID-19 on the self-employed," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 58(2), pages 741-768, February.
    3. Aliza N. Husain & David A. Matsa & Amalia R. Miller, 2018. "Do Male Workers Prefer Male Leaders? An Analysis of Principals' Effects on Teacher Retention," NBER Working Papers 25263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Agata Maida & Andrea Weber, 2022. "Female Leadership and Gender Gap within Firms: Evidence from an Italian Board Reform," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 75(2), pages 488-515, March.
    5. MORIKAWA Masayuki, 2014. "What Types of Company Have Female and Foreign Directors?," Discussion papers 14032, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. Masayuki Morikawa, 2014. "What Types of Companies Have Female and Foreign Directors?," AJRC Working Papers 1404, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    7. Francesco Devicienti & Elena Grinza & Alessandro Manello & Davide Vannoni, 2016. "Which Are the Benefits of Having more Female Leaders? Evidence from the Use of Part-Time Work in Italy," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 489, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
    8. Tessa Conroy & Stephan Weiler, 2016. "Does gender matter for job creation? Business ownership and employment growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 397-419, August.
    9. Fatma F. S. Said & Nadine Jaafarawi & Anna Dillon, 2021. "Mothers’ Accounts of Attending to Educational and Everyday Needs of Their Children at Home during COVID-19: The Case of the UAE," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-12, April.
    10. Deller, Steven & Conroy, Tessa, 2015. "An Exploratory Analysis of Women Farmers and Rural Economic Growth and Development," Staff Paper Series 580, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    11. Steven C. Deller & Tessa Conroy & Philip Watson, 2017. "Women business owners: a source of stability during the great recession?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(56), pages 5686-5697, December.
    12. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "Italy: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2016/223, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Morikawa, Masayuki, 2016. "What types of companies have female directors? Evidence from Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 37, pages 1-7.
    14. Gagliarducci, Stefano & Paserman, M. Daniele, 2014. "The Effect of Female Leadership on Establishment and Employee Outcomes: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 8647, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    15. Priyanka Chakraborty & Danila Serra, 2021. "Gender and leadership in organizations: Promotions, demotions and angry workers," Working Papers 20210104-001, Texas A&M University, Department of Economics.
    16. Tessa Conroy & Steven Deller & Philip Watson, 2021. "Regional income inequality: a link to women-owned businesses," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 189-207, January.
    17. Makiko Fuwa, 2021. "Women Managers’ Impact on Use of Family-friendly Measures among Their Subordinates in Japanese Firms," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 35(4), pages 716-734, August.
    18. Tessa Conroy & Sarah A. Low, 2022. "Entrepreneurship, Broadband, and Gender: Evidence from Establishment Births in Rural America," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 45(1), pages 3-35, January.
    19. Duygu SECKIN HALAC & Tutku SECKIN CELIK, 2018. "A Qualitative Look into Gendered Entrepreneurship in Turkey," Istanbul Business Research, Istanbul University Business School, vol. 47(2), pages 105-123, November.

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