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Calidad del empleo en las principales ciudades colombianas y endogeneidad de la educación

Author

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  • Jhon James Mora
  • María Paola Ulloa

Abstract

Este artículo analiza la calidad del empleo en las principales ciudades colombianas en 2009. Los resultados muestran que aun cuando el índice ha mejorado con respecto a 2001, sigue siendo inferior al nivel necesario para tener un empleo de calidad. Además, comprueba la endogeneidad de la educación y propone un procedimiento de corrección para obtener estimadores consistentes y eficientes de la calidad del empleo. Los resultados, que se diferencian entre trabajadores asalariados e independientes, muestran que si la persona trabaja como independiente más años de educación no contribuyen a mejorar la calidad del empleo; este efecto solo existe en el caso de los trabajadores asalariados

Suggested Citation

  • Jhon James Mora & María Paola Ulloa, 2011. "Calidad del empleo en las principales ciudades colombianas y endogeneidad de la educación," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 163-177, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:13:y:2011:i:25:p:163-177
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/jmora25.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James W. Hardin, 2002. "The robust variance estimator for two-stage models," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(3), pages 253-266, August.
    2. repec:ags:stataj:152310 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Michael Spence, 2002. "Signaling in Retrospect and the Informational Structure of Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(3), pages 434-459, June.
    4. Hausman, Jerry & McFadden, Daniel, 1984. "Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1219-1240, September.
    5. Muro, Juan & Suárez, Cristina & del Mar Zamora, María, 2010. "Computing Murphy–Topel-corrected variances in a heckprobit model with endogeneity," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 0(Number 2), pages 1-7.
    6. Arne Risa Hole, 2006. "Calculating Murphy-Topel variance estimates in Stata: A simplified procedure," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(4), pages 521-529, December.
    7. Christian David Bustamante & Santiago Arroyo, 2008. "La Raza Como Determinante Del Acceso A Un Empleo De Calidad: Un Estudio Para Cali," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 26(57), pages 130-175, December.
    8. Jhon James Mora & Juan Muro, 2008. "Sheepskin effects by cohorts in Colombia," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 29(2), pages 111-121, May.
    9. Murphy, Kevin M & Topel, Robert H, 2002. "Estimation and Inference in Two-Step Econometric Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 88-97, January.
    10. Jhon James Mora & Juan Muro, 2010. "A cohort-based analysis of the influence of minimum wage levels on labour force participation in the informal sector: Quantitative and substitution effects," Alcamentos 1001, Universidad de Alcalá, Departamento de Economía..
    11. Javier Armadno Pineda & Carlos Eduardo Acosta, 2011. "Calidad Del Trabajo: Aproximaciones Teóricas Y Estimación De Un Índice Compuesto," Revista Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(65), pages 60-105, Junio.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mónica Sofía Gómez & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2015. "Calidad de vida laboral en Colombia: un índice multidimensional difuso," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 014180, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Francisco Javier Lasso V. & Cristian Camilo Frasser L., 2015. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Revista Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 33(77), pages 117-132, June.
    3. Mora, Jhon James & Pérez Marulanda, Lisset & González, Carlos Giovanni, 2016. "La calidad del empleo en la población Afro-Colombiana utilizando indicadores sintéticos || The job quality for the Colombia Afrodescendent Population using synthetic indices," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 21(1), pages 117-140, June.
    4. Mónica Sofía Gómez-Salcedo & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2017. "Quality of Work Life in Colombia: A Multidimensional Fuzzy Indicator," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 911-936, February.
    5. Lisset Pérez Marulanda & John James Mora Rodríguez, 2016. "La Calidad del Empleo en la Población Afrodescendiente Colombiana: Una Aproximacion desde la Ubicacion Geografica de las Comunas," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, vol. 17(2), pages 315-347, February.
    6. Mora Rodriguez, Jhon James, 2013. "Introduccion a la teoría del consumidor
      [Introduction to Consumer Theory]
      ," MPRA Paper 48129, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Jul 2013.
    7. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Mariana Fernández Massi, 2014. "Dimensiones de la precariedad laboral: un mapa de las características del empleo sectorial en la Argentina," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
    9. Sandra Liliana Botón Gómez & María Irma Botero Ospina & Juan Camilo Rincón Torres, 2013. "El caso del desplazamiento forzado en Colombia: un análisis municipal a partir de regresiones cuantílicas," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    calidad del empleo; modelos logit multinomial; endogeneidad; corrección Murphy-Topel;

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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