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Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia

Author

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  • Francisco Lasso
  • Cristian Camilo Frasser

Abstract

En este trabajo se evalúa la calidad del empleo en Colombia. Usualmente, la calidad del empleo ha sido analizada a través de indicadores sintéticos que resumen sus distintas dimensiones. Sin embargo, esta aproximación carece de un marco teórico que respalde la elección y la ponderación de las variables dentro del indicador. Con el fin de superar dichas deficiencias, se utilizan la teoría del consumidor y las escalas de equivalencia para evaluar la calidad del empleo a través de los impactos de las características ocupacionales sobre el bienestar de los trabajadores. Con base en información de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida (ECV) de 2010 se encuentra que el 62,4% del total de la ocupación del país es de buena calidad. El empleo de mayor calidad se concentra en el centro de la distribución etaria, siendo de menor calidad los empleos juvenil y de adultos mayores, lo que da nueva evidencia de la existencia de un ciclo de vida laboral. Además de los empleos de jóvenes y adultos mayores, el empleo masculino, del sector rural, residente en San Andrés, sin educación superior, de trabajadores de su propia finca o arrendada y del sector agropecuario son los que tienen menor calidad. Por otra parte, se encuentra nueva evidencia de la importancia de las economías de escala en consumo por tamaño de los hogares para superar la pobreza o mantener o mejorar el bienestar y, de su relación inversa con los ciclos económicos y el nivel de desarrollo de los países.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Lasso & Cristian Camilo Frasser, 2013. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Borradores de Economia 791, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:791
    DOI: 10.32468/be.791
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017230, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Cuesta, Lizeth, 2020. "Impacto de la política de empleo juvenil en la disminución del desempleo en los países de la Unión Europea, período 2002-2017 [Impact of youth employment policy on the reduction of unemployment in ," MPRA Paper 111026, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Aug 2021.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bienestar; calidad del empleo; consumo de los hogares; escalas de equivalencia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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