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Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello

    (Universidad Católica del Norte Chile)

  • Sara Ovallos-Bencardino

    (Universidad del Atlántico)

Abstract

En este trabajo se muestra que las principales ciudades del Caribe colombiano han alcanzado en meses recientes las menores cifras en términos de desempleo en el país. Sin embargo, existen algunos aspectos por mejorar en relación con la calidad de los empleos ofrecidos ya que la tasa de informalidad es una de las más altas. Por ejemplo, en Cartagena el 58 % de los trabajadores son informales, Barranquilla alcanza una el 64 % y Santa Marta, el 66 %, mientras que en el promedio de las principales 23 ciudades esta es el 50,8 %. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la situación del mercado laboral en términos de la informalidad y la calidad del empleo, en tres de las principales ciudades del Caribe colombiano. Los resultados muestran una evolución decreciente de la informalidad en las ciudades caribeñas en el periodo 2007 hasta septiembre de 2018. Dichos aspectos repercuten sobre las condiciones de vida laboral, que en este trabajo se estudia a través del Índice Multidimensional de Calidad del Empleo (IMCE). Sobre este último se encontró que las tres ciudades presentan condiciones laborales poco atractivas, siendo menos favorable para los ocupados con bajo nivel educativo, empleados domésticos o por cuenta propia y los trabajadores de empresas pequeñas. **** ABSTRACT: We show that, in recent months, the main cities of the Colombian Caribbean have been characterized by having the best figures in terms of unemployment. However, there are some aspects to improve in relation to the quality of the jobs offered. The objective of this paper is to analyze the main characteristics of the labor market of the three main cities of the continental Caribbean, namely, Barranquilla, Cartagena and Santa Marta. We emphasize the stylized facts related to labor informality and the quality of employment. The results show a decreasing evolution of informality in the Caribbean cities in the period 2007 until the first semester of 2018, however, Cartagena maintains 58.5 % of its population in informal status, Barranquilla reaches a figure of 64 % and Santa Marta reaches 66 %, while the main 23 metropolitan areas show a figure of 50.8 %. These aspects have repercussions on working life conditions, which we study in this work by means of the multidimensional index of quality of employment (IMCE). Regarding the latter, we found that the three cities have unattractive labor conditions in terms of quality of employment, which is more critical for the employed without any educational level, domestic workers or self-employed workers, and workers in small companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 279, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:279
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    2. repec:ilo:ilowps:377509 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Andrew E. Clark, 2005. "Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 43(3), pages 377-400, September.
    4. Vicente Royuela & Jordi Suriñach, 2013. "Quality of Work and Aggregate Productivity," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 113(1), pages 37-66, August.
    5. Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz, 2006. "Ciudades portuarias del Caribe colombiano: propuestas para competir en una economía globalizada," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 002125, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    6. Stefano Farne & Carlos Andres Vergara, 2007. "Calidad del empleo: ¿Qué tan satisfechos están los colombianos con su trabajo?," Obs. Mercado de Trabajo y Seguridad Social 016000, Universidad Externado de Colombia.
    7. Marcela Perticara & Pablo Celhay, 2010. "Informalidad Laboral y Políticas Públicas en Chile," ILADES-UAH Working Papers inv257, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Business.
    8. Ritter, Joseph A., 2005. "Patterns of job quality attributes in the European Union," ILO Working Papers 993775093402676, International Labour Organization.
    9. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Edwin Jaime Chiriví-Bonilla, 2016. "Informalidad laboral y en la vivienda: primeros indicios para las principales ciudades colombianas," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014975, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    10. Francisco Javier Lasso V. & Cristian Camilo Frasser L., 2015. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 33(77), pages 117-132, June.
    11. Federico Huneeus & Oscar Landerretche & Esteban Puentes, 2012. "Multidimensional Measure of Job Quality: Persistence and Heterogeneity in a Developing Country," Working Papers wp357, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    12. Javier Armadno Pineda & Carlos Eduardo Acosta, 2011. "Calidad Del Trabajo: Aproximaciones Teóricas Y Estimación De Un Índice Compuesto," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(65), pages 60-105, June.
    13. Bernal Raquel, 2009. "The Informal Labor Market in Colombia: identification and characterization," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, September.
    14. Jhon James Mora & Maria Paola Ulloa, 2011. "El efecto de la educación sobre la calidad del empleo en Colombia," Borradores de Economía y Finanzas 007999, Universidad Icesi.
    15. Mónica Sofía Gómez-Salcedo & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2017. "Quality of Work Life in Colombia: A Multidimensional Fuzzy Indicator," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 911-936, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercado laboral; Informalidad; IMCE; Calidad del empleo; Barranquilla; Cartagena; Santa Marta; Labor market; Informality; Quality of employment; Barranquilla; Cartagena; Santa Marta;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics

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