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Calidad del empleo y segmentación laboral: un análisis para el mercado laboral colombiano 2001-2006

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  • Christian Manuel Posso

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Abstract

Este documento aborda el fenómeno de la calidad del empleo desde dos perspectivas: a) la teoría de los mercados de trabajo segmentados y b) las mediciones empíricas propuestas por la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (oit), junto con las de autores nacionales e internacionales. Para contrastar la hipótesis de mercados segmentados se utilizan dos métodos de estimación: el modelo switching regression y el modelo quantile regression. Los resultados muestran evidencia a favor de las principales proposiciones de la teoría de mercados de trabajo segmentados; en especial, se observa cómo las valoraciones de las características de los individuos cambian significativamente a través de la distribución de ingresos, particularmente la educación universitaria.El enfoque empírico de la calidad del empleo incluye un cálculo del índice de calidad del empleo (ice) para Colombia y un modelo de regresión con variable dependiente binaria que permite identificar los factores asociados a un empleo de calidad. Los resultados sugieren que la calidad del empleo tiene una estrecha relación con la educación universitaria, el tamaño de la firma, los empleos en el sector financiero y la localización en Medellín y Bogotá.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Manuel Posso, 2010. "Calidad del empleo y segmentación laboral: un análisis para el mercado laboral colombiano 2001-2006," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:009013
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo65_7.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Manuel Posso, 2010. "Desigualdad salarial en Colombia 1984-2005: cambios en la composición del mercado laboral y retornos a la educación post-secundaria," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
    2. Francisco Javier Lasso V. & Cristian Camilo Frasser L., 2015. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 33(77), pages 117-132, June.
    3. Mónica Sofía Gómez-Salcedo & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2017. "Quality of Work Life in Colombia: A Multidimensional Fuzzy Indicator," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 911-936, February.
    4. Lina María Restrepo Plaza & Paula Andrea Rivas Oyuela, 2013. "La calidad del empleo para los hombres y las mujeres: un estudio desde la informalidad, el subempleo y las percepciones," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, March.
    5. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    segmentación laboral; calidad del empleo; switchingmodel; regresión por percentiles.;

    JEL classification:

    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • C29 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Other
    • C39 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Other

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