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Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta

Author

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  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte
  • Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello
  • Sara Ovallos-Bencardino

Abstract

En este trabajo se muestra que las principales ciudades del Caribe colombiano han alcanzado en meses recientes las menores cifras en términos de desempleo en el país. Sin embargo, existen algunos aspectos por mejorar en relación con la calidad de los empleos ofrecidos ya que la tasa de informalidad es una de las más altas. Por ejemplo, en Cartagena el 58 % de los trabajadores son informales, Barranquilla alcanza una el 64 % y Santa Marta, el 66 %, mientras que en el promedio de las principales 23 ciudades esta es el 50,8 %. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la situación del mercado laboral en términos de la informalidad y la calidad del empleo, en tres de las principales ciudades del Caribe colombiano. Los resultados muestran una evolución decreciente de la informalidad en las ciudades caribenas en el periodo 2007 hasta septiembre de 2018. Dichos aspectos repercuten sobre las condiciones de vida laboral, que en este trabajo se estudia a través del Índice Multidimensional de Calidad del Empleo (IMCE). Sobre este último se encontró que las tres ciudades presentan condiciones laborales poco atractivas, siendo menos favorable para los ocupados con bajo nivel educativo, empleados domésticos o por cuenta propia y los trabajadores de empresas pequenas. **** ABSTRACT: We show that, in recent months, the main cities of the Colombian Caribbean have been characterized by having the best figures in terms of unemployment. However, there are some aspects to improve in relation to the quality of the jobs offered. The objective of this paper is to analyze the main characteristics of the labor market of the three main cities of the continental Caribbean, namely, Barranquilla, Cartagena and Santa Marta. We emphasize the stylized facts related to labor informality and the quality of employment. The results show a decreasing evolution of informality in the Caribbean cities in the period 2007 until the first semester of 2018, however, Cartagena maintains 58.5 % of its population in informal status, Barranquilla reaches a figure of 64 % and Santa Marta reaches 66 %, while the main 23 metropolitan areas show a figure of 50.8 %. These aspects have repercussions on working life conditions, which we study in this work by means of the multidimensional index of quality of employment (IMCE). Regarding the latter, we found that the three cities have unattractive labor conditions in terms of quality of employment, which is more critical for the employed without any educational level, domestic workers or self-employed workers, and workers in small companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017230, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:017230
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.279
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    Cited by:

    1. María Alejandra González Arenas, 2019. "Diferencias en la calidad del empleo público en Colombia: una comparación entre empleados de planta y contratistas," Documentos de trabajo 017567, Escuela de Gobierno - Universidad de los Andes.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercado laboral; Informalidad; IMCE; Calidad del empleo; Barranquilla; Cartagena; Santa Marta; Labor market; Informality; Quality of employment; Barranquilla; Cartagena; Santa Marta;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics

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