IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/col/000107/013852.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Javier Lasso V.
  • Cristian Camilo Frasser L.

Abstract

Usualmente la calidad del empleo ha sido analizada a través de indicadores sintéticos. Sin embargo, esta aproximación carece de un marco teórico que respalde la ponderación de las variables dentro del indicador. Con el fin de superar dicha deficiencia, se utilizan la teoría del consumidor y las escalas de equivalencia para evaluar la calidad del empleo. Con base en la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida de 2010 se encuentra que el 62,4% del total de la ocupación es de buena calidad. El empleo de mayor calidad se concentra en el centro de la distribución etaria, siendo de menor calidad los empleos juvenil y de adultos mayores, lo que da nueva evidencia de la existencia de un ciclo de vida laboral. Adicionalmente, se encuentra nueva evidencia de la importancia de las economías de escala en consumo por tamaño de los hogares para mantener o mejorar el bienestar. ****** Quality of employment has traditionally been analyzed using synthetic indicators. However, this analysis does not incorporate a theoretical framework that supports weighting variables within such indicators. This study seeks to fill the existing gap by using the Consumer Theory and equivalence scales, in an attempt to measure quality of employment. According to the Quality of Life Survey (2010), 62.4% of Colombian occupations are considered to be good. It further shows that the best jobs fall within the middle section of the age distribution, with the occupations of juvenile and older adults being the worst ones, which points to the existence of a new labor life cycle. The survey also reveals the importance of consumer economies of scale, depending on household size, which plays a key role in maintaining or improving well-being.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Javier Lasso V. & Cristian Camilo Frasser L., 2015. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 33(77), pages 117-132, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:013852
    DOI: 10.1016/j.espe.2014.11.001
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.espe.2014.11.001
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.espe.2014.11.001?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jhon James Mora & María Paola Ulloa, 2011. "Calidad del empleo en las principales ciudades colombianas y endogeneidad de la educación," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 163-177, July-Dece.
    2. repec:ilo:ilowps:402835 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Andrew E. Clark, 2005. "Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 43(3), pages 377-400, September.
    4. Hugo LóPEz Castaño & Francisco Lasso Valderrama, 2012. "El mercado laboral y el problema pensional colombiano," Borradores de Economia 736, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Andrés Langebaek & Edgar Caicedo, 2007. "Sesgo de medición del IPC: nueva evidencia para Colombia," Borradores de Economia 435, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1998. "Economies of Scale, Household Size, and the Demand for Food," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 897-930, October.
    7. J. L. Nicholson, 1976. "Appraisal Of Different Methods Of Estimating Equivalence Scales And Their Results," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 22(1), pages 1-11, March.
    8. Lasso-Valderrama, Francisco Javier, 2012. "La dinámica del desempleo urbano en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 3, pages 131-166, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Mancero, Xavier, 2001. "Escalas de equivalencia: reseña de conceptos y métodos," Estudios Estadísticos 8, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    10. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    11. Christian Manuel Posso, 2010. "Calidad del empleo y segmentación laboral: un análisis para el mercado laboral colombiano 2001-2006," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, February.
    12. Lewbel, Arthur, 2003. "Calculating compensation in cases of wrongful death," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 113(1), pages 115-128, March.
    13. Roethlisberger, Claudia & Weller, Jürgen, 2011. "La calidad del empleo en América Latina," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 110, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    14. Francisco Javier Lasso, 2003. "Economías de escala en los hogares y la pobreza," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, June.
    15. Javier Armadno Pineda & Carlos Eduardo Acosta, 2011. "Calidad Del Trabajo: Aproximaciones Teóricas Y Estimación De Un Índice Compuesto," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(65), pages 60-105, June.
    16. Diego Dueñas Fernández & Carlos Iglesias Fernández & Raquel Llorente Heras, 2010. "Job quality, job satisfaction and services in Spain," Working Papers 06/10, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
    17. Dewan, Sabina. & Peek, Peter., 2007. "Beyond the employment/unemployment dichotomy : measuring the quality of employment in low income countries," ILO Working Papers 994028353402676, International Labour Organization.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017230, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014183, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Daniel Mónica Sofía Gómez & Javier Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2015. "“Calidad de vida laboral en Colombia: un índice multidimensional difuso”," IREA Working Papers 201528, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Dec 2015.
    3. Mónica Sofía Gómez-Salcedo & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2017. "Quality of Work Life in Colombia: A Multidimensional Fuzzy Indicator," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 911-936, February.
    4. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017230, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    5. Trevon D. Logan, 2011. "Economies Of Scale In The Household: Puzzles And Patterns From The American Past," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(4), pages 1008-1028, October.
    6. Bargain, Olivier & Donni, Olivier, 2009. "The Measurement of Child Costs: A Rothbarth-Type Method Consistent with Scale Economies," IZA Discussion Papers 4654, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Mora, Jhon James & Pérez Marulanda, Lisset & González, Carlos Giovanni, 2016. "La calidad del empleo en la población Afro-Colombiana utilizando indicadores sintéticos || The job quality for the Colombia Afrodescendent Population using synthetic indices," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 21(1), pages 117-140, June.
    8. Francisco Lasso-Valderrama, 2020. "LA DINÁMICA DEL MERCADO LABORAL COLOMBIANO: Cuál es el rol de los flujos de trabajadores?," Borradores de Economia 1120, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Bargain, Olivier & Donni, Olivier & Kwenda, Prudence, 2014. "Intrahousehold distribution and poverty: Evidence from Côte d'Ivoire," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 262-276.
    10. Bargain, Olivier & Donni, Olivier & Magejo, Prudence, 2011. "Intrahousehold Distribution and Child Poverty: Theory and Evidence from Côte d’Ivoire," IZA Discussion Papers 6029, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Garcia-Diaz Rocio, 2012. "Demand-Based Cost-of-Children Estimates and Child Poverty," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-32, January.
    12. Angus Deaton, 2016. "Measuring and Understanding Behavior, Welfare, and Poverty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(6), pages 1221-1243, June.
    13. Cristian Darío Castillo Robayo & Javier García Estévez, 2019. "Desempleo juvenil en Colombia: ¿la educación importa?," Revista Finanzas y Politica Economica, Universidad Católica de Colombia, vol. 11(1), pages 101-101, February.
    14. Federico Huneeus & Oscar Landerretche & Esteban Puentes, 2012. "Multidimensional Measure of Job Quality: Persistence and Heterogeneity in a Developing Country," Working Papers wp357, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    15. Rodríguez Biasone, Juan Ignacio, 2019. "Gastos de consumo de las familias y el costo de los niños," Nülan. Deposited Documents 3150, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    16. Asencios, Roger, 2018. "Estimación semiparamétrica de escalas de equivalencia: Una aplicación a las encuestas de hogares del Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 36, pages 75-89.
    17. Francisco Javier Lasso Valderrama, 2008. "Impacto de los cambios de precios relativos en pobreza y desigualdad en Colombia: 1998-2007," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 26(57), pages 176-248, December.
    18. Berges, Miriam & Echeverría, Lucía & Rodríguez Biasone, Juan Ignacio, 2021. "El costo de los niños y su impacto en el presupuesto de las familias. Un análisis para Argentina," Nülan. Deposited Documents 3484, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    19. Lisset Pérez Marulanda & John James Mora Rodríguez, 2016. "La Calidad del Empleo en la Población Afrodescendiente Colombiana: Una Aproximacion desde la Ubicacion Geografica de las Comunas," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 17(2), pages 315-347, February.
    20. Johan Lundberg & Sofia Lundberg, 2012. "Distributional Effects of Lower Food Prices in a Rich Country," Journal of Consumer Policy, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 373-391, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bienestar; Calidad del empleo; Consumo de los hogares; Escalas de equivalencia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000107:013852. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Espe (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.