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Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Javier Lasso V.
  • Cristian Camilo Frasser L.

Abstract

Usualmente la calidad del empleo ha sido analizada a través de indicadores sintéticos. Sin embargo, esta aproximación carece de un marco teórico que respalde la ponderación de las variables dentro del indicador. Con el fin de superar dicha deficiencia, se utilizan la teoría del consumidor y las escalas de equivalencia para evaluar la calidad del empleo. Con base en la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida de 2010 se encuentra que el 62,4% del total de la ocupación es de buena calidad. El empleo de mayor calidad se concentra en el centro de la distribución etaria, siendo de menor calidad los empleos juvenil y de adultos mayores, lo que da nueva evidencia de la existencia de un ciclo de vida laboral. Adicionalmente, se encuentra nueva evidencia de la importancia de las economías de escala en consumo por tamano de los hogares para mantener o mejorar el bienestar. ****** Quality of employment has traditionally been analyzed using synthetic indicators. However, this analysis does not incorporate a theoretical framework that supports weighting variables within such indicators. This study seeks to fill the existing gap by using the Consumer Theory and equivalence scales, in an attempt to measure quality of employment. According to the Quality of Life Survey (2010), 62.4% of Colombian occupations are considered to be good. It further shows that the best jobs fall within the middle section of the age distribution, with the occupations of juvenile and older adults being the worst ones, which points to the existence of a new labor life cycle. The survey also reveals the importance of consumer economies of scale, depending on household size, which plays a key role in maintaining or improving well-being.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Javier Lasso V. & Cristian Camilo Frasser L., 2015. "Calidad del empleo y bienestar: un análisis con escalas de equivalencia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 33(77), pages 117-132, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:013852
    DOI: 10.1016/j.espe.2014.11.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gabriel Orlando Rodríguez-Puello & Sara Ovallos-Bencardino, 2019. "Desempleo y calidad de vida laboral en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Santa Marta," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017230, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Cuesta, Lizeth, 2020. "Impacto de la política de empleo juvenil en la disminución del desempleo en los países de la Unión Europea, período 2002-2017 [Impact of youth employment policy on the reduction of unemployment in ," MPRA Paper 111026, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Aug 2021.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bienestar; Calidad del empleo; Consumo de los hogares; Escalas de equivalencia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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