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Calidad de vida laboral en Colombia: un índice multidimensional difuso


  • Mónica Sofía Gómez


  • Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte


  • Vicente Royuela



La calidad del trabajo abarca múltiples dimensiones objetivas y subjetivas, que pueden incluir las rentas del trabajo, la estabilidad laboral, la satisfacción laboral y la seguridad social. En este trabajo se sigue el método propuesto por Gómez et al. (2013), que introduce una nueva forma de calcular la calidad del trabajo, consistente en la medición de: i) el uso del enfoque de funcionamientos y las capacidades de Sen y ii) un método de conjuntos difusos. Usando la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares (GEIH), se calcula un Índice Multidimensional de Calidad del Empleo (IMCE) a nivel nacional según edad, sexo, nivel educativo, tamaño de la empresa, y el sector de la industria. Un tema que se destaca de nuestros resultados es la existencia de una "Ciclo de calidad de vida laboral", con los puntajes más altos del índice a los 30 años, lo cual puede tener implicaciones importantes para el sistema de seguridad social. ******ABSTRACT: Quality of Work encompasses multiple objective and subjective dimensions, which may include labor income, job stability, job satisfaction, and social security. This paper follows the method proposed by Gómez et al. (2013) that introduces a new way of measuring Quality of Work, which consists of: i) the use of Sen’s functioning and capabilities approach and ii) a fuzzy sets method to define membership to the sets of good job quality. Using the Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares, we obtain results for a Multidimensional Index of Quality of Employment, at the national level about age, gender, educational level, firm size, and industry sector. One topic that is highlighted from our results is the existence of a “Quality of Work Life Cycle”, with higher levels of the index up to age of 30, which may have critical implications for the social security system.

Suggested Citation

  • Mónica Sofía Gómez & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Vicente Royuela, 2015. "Calidad de vida laboral en Colombia: un índice multidimensional difuso," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014180, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:014180
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.230

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jhon James Mora & María Paola Ulloa, 2011. "Calidad del empleo en las principales ciudades colombianas y endogeneidad de la educación," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 163-177, July-Dece.
    2. Andrew E. Clark, 2005. "Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 43(3), pages 377-400, September.
    3. Freeman, Richard B, 1978. "Job Satisfaction as an Economic Variable," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 135-141, May.
    4. Vicente Royuela & Jordi López-Tamayo & Jordi Suriñach, 2008. "The Institutional vs. the Academic Definition of the Quality of Work Life. What is the Focus of the European Commission?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 86(3), pages 401-415, May.
    5. Vicente Royuela & Jordi Suriñach, 2013. "Quality of Work and Aggregate Productivity," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 113(1), pages 37-66, August.
    6. Ritter, Joseph A., 2005. "Patterns of job quality attributes in the European Union," ILO Working Papers 993775093402676, International Labour Organization.
    7. Achille Lemmi & Gianni Betti (ed.), 2006. "Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement," Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion, and Well-Being, Springer, number 978-0-387-34251-1, February.
    8. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    9. Federico Huneeus & Oscar Landerretche & Esteban Puentes, 2012. "Multidimensional Measure of Job Quality: Persistence and Heterogeneity in a Developing Country," Working Papers wp357, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    10. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-522, September.
    11. Diego Dueñas Fernández & Carlos Iglesias Fernández & Raquel Llorente Heras, 2009. "La calidad del empleo en un contexto regional, con especial referencia a la Comunidad de Madrid," Working Papers 05/09, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
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    13. Sara Lelli, 2001. "Factor Analysis vs. Fuzzy Sets Theory: Assessing the Influence of Different Techniques on Sen's Functioning Approach," Public Economics Working Paper Series ces0121, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Working Group Public Economics.
    14. Christian David Bustamante A & Santiago Arroyo Mina, 2008. "La raza como determinante del acceso a un empleo de calidad: un estudio para Cali," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 26(57), pages 130-175, December.
    15. Vicente Royuela & Jordi López-Tamayo & Jordi Suriñach, 2009. "Results of a Quality of Work Life Index in Spain. A Comparison of Survey Results and Aggregate Social Indicators," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 90(2), pages 225-241, January.
    16. Andrew E. Clark, 1996. "Job Satisfaction in Britain," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 189-217, June.
    17. Javier Armadno Pineda & Carlos Eduardo Acosta, 2011. "Calidad Del Trabajo: Aproximaciones Teóricas Y Estimación De Un Índice Compuesto," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(65), pages 60-105, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2015. "Informalidad laboral y calidad del empleo en la Región Pacífica colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 233, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item


    Calidad del empleo; conjuntos difusos; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • J89 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Other
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics


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