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Modelling the Distribution of Multidimensional Poverty Scores: Evidence from Mexico


  • Valérie Berenger

    (University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis)

  • Cuauhtémoc Calderón Villarreal

    (El Colegio de la Frontera Norte)

  • Franck Celestini

    (University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis)


The main purpose of this paper is to explore a new methodology already developed by Berenger and Celestini (2006). This theoretical method based on fuzzy sets approach makes it possible to define a multidimensional poverty score lying, as for income, between 0 and infinity in order to characterize the organization of poverty. This method is applied using the data from the XII Census of Mexico, 2000 (INEGI). The results obtained enable us to build a typology of poverty. And we derive public policy implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Valérie Berenger & Cuauhtémoc Calderón Villarreal & Franck Celestini, 2009. "Modelling the Distribution of Multidimensional Poverty Scores: Evidence from Mexico," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 24(1), pages 3-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:24:y:2009:i:1:p:3-34

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287858, June.
    2. Hirschberg, Joseph G. & Maasoumi, Esfandiar & Slottje, Daniel J., 1991. "Cluster analysis for measuring welfare and quality of life across countries," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 131-150, October.
    3. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Multidimensional Decomposition Of Poverty: A Fuzzy Set Approach," Cahiers de recherche 05-08, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    4. Berenger, Valerie & Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey, 2007. "Multidimensional Measures of Well-Being: Standard of Living and Quality of Life Across Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1259-1276, July.
    5. Ram, Rati, 1982. "Composite indices of physical quality of life, basic needs fulfilment, and income : A principal component representation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 227-247, October.
    6. Hicks, Norman & Streeten, Paul, 1979. "Indicators of development: The search for a basic needs yardstick," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 567-580, June.
    7. Slottje, Daniel J, 1991. "Measuring the Quality of Life across Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 684-693, November.
    8. Rahman, Tauhidur & Mittelhammer, Ron C. & Wandschneider, Philip, 2005. "Measuring the Quality of Life across Countries: A Sensitivity Analysis of Well-being Indices," WIDER Working Paper Series 006, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. S. Streeten, Paul, 1979. "Basics needs: Premises and promises," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 136-146, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hammill, Matthew, 2009. "Income poverty and unsatisfied basic needs," Sede Subregional de la CEPAL en México (Estudios e Investigaciones) 25900, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

    More about this item


    fuzzy sets approach; multidimensional measures of poverty; unsatisfied basic needs;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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