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A Comparison of Poverty According to Primary Goods, Capabilities and Outcomes. Evidence from French School Leavers’ Surveys

In: Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement


  • Josiane Vero

    (University of Marseille)


Conclusion In this conclusion we propose to return to the essential features of our work. Our initial motivation proceeded an examination of the question of the recovery between three forms of poverty. The concept of poverty was considered under three different ethical styles privileging first of all primary goods, secondly social outcomes and lastly basic capabilities. The most important finding to emerge from our research is that the use of a specific concept of poverty would alter the ranking of people in a poverty scale: It has been particularly confirmed when one compares primary goods with social outcomes or functionings. Therefore one must first choose the objects of value in accordance with the value judgments involved (Veto 2004). It means that one is forced to ask over which kind of variable individuals must have control and for what sort of variable society is responsible. So the first relevant question for measuring poverty is, as Sen mentioned: “Equality of what?” This question is likely to return to very pressing problems about such things as real interests. But of course this is an open question.

Suggested Citation

  • Josiane Vero, 2006. "A Comparison of Poverty According to Primary Goods, Capabilities and Outcomes. Evidence from French School Leavers’ Surveys," Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion, and Well-Being, in: Achille Lemmi & Gianni Betti (ed.), Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, chapter 11, pages 211-231, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:esichp:978-0-387-34251-1_12
    DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-34251-1_12

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    Cited by:

    1. Jürgen Volkert & Friedrich Schneider, 2011. "The Application of the Capability Approach to High-Income OECD Countries: A Preliminary Survey," CESifo Working Paper Series 3364, CESifo.
    2. Wang, Qiong & Mukhopadhaya, Pundarik & Ye, Jingyi, 2020. "An evaluation of the changes in wellbeing in China – 2005 to 2015: An exploratory study," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    3. Valérie Berenger & Cuauhtémoc Calderón Villarreal & Franck Celestini, 2009. "Modelling the Distribution of Multidimensional Poverty Scores: Evidence from Mexico," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 24(1), pages 3-34.
    4. Kesavan, Pushpangadan & Gangadhara, Murugan, 2008. "On the measurement of sustainability of rural water supply in India: A Supervaluationist–Degree Theory approach," MPRA Paper 8781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. K Pushpangadan, 2008. "Dynamics of Rural Water Supply in Coastal Kerala: A Sustainable Development View," Working Papers id:1739, eSocialSciences.
    6. Martina Ciani & Francesca Gagliardi & Samuele Riccarelli & Gianni Betti, 2018. "Fuzzy Measures of Multidimensional Poverty in the Mediterranean Area: A Focus on Financial Dimension," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(1), pages 1-13, December.
    7. K. Pushpangadan & G.Murugan, 2008. "Dynamics of rural water supply in coastal Kerala: A Sustainable development view," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 402, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.


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