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Was Unofficial Dollarisation/Euroisation an Amplifier of the ‘Great Recession’ of 2007–2009 in Emerging Economies?

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  • Livia Chitu

    (European Central Bank, Kaiserstrasse 29, Frankfurt am Main D-60311, Germany.)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether, and if so why, the recent ‘Great Recession’ was more severe in unofficially dollarised/euroised economies than in other economies. To that end, the paper builds on a novel data set on unofficial dollarisation/euroisation to test whether the latter was a determinant of the extent of the growth collapse in 2007-2009 in a cross-section of around 60 emerging market economies. Both OLS and Bayesian model averaging estimates suggest that unofficial dollarisation/euroisation was an important contributor to the severity of the crisis, once other of its well-established determinants are taken into account, including fast pre-crisis credit growth, current account deficits, trade and financial openness, market regulation, international openness of the banking sector and GDP per capita. Moreover, the adverse impact of unofficial dollarisation/euroisation is found to have been transmitted through the main channels traditionally highlighted in the literature, that is, currency mismatches, reduced monetary policy autonomy and limited lender of last resort ability, all of which became more binding constraints in the midst of the crisis. Overall, the results underline the need for stronger macro-prudential surveillance of developments in foreign currency lending in emerging economies. They also allow shedding new light on the long-standing debate regarding the optimal conduct of monetary policy in unofficially dollarised/euroised economies in crisis times.

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  • Livia Chitu, 2013. "Was Unofficial Dollarisation/Euroisation an Amplifier of the ‘Great Recession’ of 2007–2009 in Emerging Economies?," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 55(2), pages 233-265, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:55:y:2013:i:2:p:233-265
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    2. Silvia Kirova, 2014. "Currency regimes and macroeconomic indicators of the derogation EU member states from Central and Eastern Europe," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 2, pages 80-99.
    3. Bussière, M., 2013. "In Defense of Early Warning Signals," Working papers 420, Banque de France.
    4. Windischbauer, Ulrich, 2016. "Strengthening the role of local currencies in EU candidate and potential candidate countries," Occasional Paper Series 170, European Central Bank.

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