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Külkereskedelem és a vállalatok közötti különbségek
[Heterogeneous firms and foreign trade]

Author

Listed:
  • Békés, Gábor

    ()

  • Halpern, László
  • Muraközy, Balázs

    ()

Abstract

Cikkünk vállalati mérleg- és termékszintű külkereskedelmi adatok alapján mutatja be a magyar külkereskedelem általános jellemzőit, valamint az exportdinamika sajátosságait. Empirikus elemzésünk a heterogén vállalatokra építő modellek logikáját követi. Ezekkel a modellekkel összhangban azt találtuk, hogy a magyar külkereskedelem erősen koncentrált, így például a vállalatok 5 százaléka bonyolítja az export és az import több mint 80 százalékát. A külkereskedő vállalatok (exportálók és importálók egyaránt) jelentősen termelékenyebbek, mint az egyéb szempontokból hasonló, nem külkereskedő vállalatok; sőt a külkereskedelmi státus fontosabb szerepet játszik a vállalatok közötti különbségekben, mint a hazai vagy külföldi tulajdon. Bemutatjuk a magyar külkereskedelem empirikus kutatásának néhány fontosabb - az export és import viszonyára, az innováció szerepére, valamint a külkereskedelem stabilitására vonatkozó - eredményét is, amelyek alapján kijelenthető, hogy a vállalatok külpiacra való kilépése a versenyképesség és a növekedés szempontjából kulcskérdés, a gazdaságpolitikának ezt kell szem előtt tartania és megfelelő eszközökkel támogatnia. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D24, F14, L25.

Suggested Citation

  • Békés, Gábor & Halpern, László & Muraközy, Balázs, 2013. "Külkereskedelem és a vállalatok közötti különbségek
    [Heterogeneous firms and foreign trade]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 1-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1356
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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