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Human Capital, Discrimination, and the Gender Wage Gap in Bangladesh

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  • Ahmed, Salma
  • McGillivray, Mark

Abstract

This paper investigates changes in the gender wage gap in Bangladesh over the period 1999–2009. The gap in average wages between men and women decreased by 31% over this period. This paper shows that a key driver of this change was an improvement in female educational qualifications. It also demonstrates that the gender wage gap across the wage distribution narrowed much more at the lower end of the wage distribution than at the upper end. It attributes this mainly to a decline in discrimination against women. Implications for policies aimed at more equal access to education and enforcement of equal pay legislation in Bangladesh are also identified.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahmed, Salma & McGillivray, Mark, 2015. "Human Capital, Discrimination, and the Gender Wage Gap in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 506-524.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:67:y:2015:i:c:p:506-524
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.10.017
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    Cited by:

    1. Faruk, Avinno, 2019. "Analysing the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects in Bangladesh: Evidence, extent and elements," MPRA Paper 92137, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hazarika, Bhabesh, 2017. "Decomposition of Gender Income Gap in Rural Informal Micro-enterprises: An Unconditional Quantile Approach in the Handloom Industry," Working Papers 17/216, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    3. Ahmed, Salma & Feeny, Simon & Posso, Alberto, 2015. "What firm characteristics determine women’s employment in manufacturing? Evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 84492, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:eee:cysrev:v:98:y:2019:i:c:p:85-95 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ahmed, Salma, 2015. "Dynamics and diversity: How are religious minorities faring in the labour Market in Bangladesh?," MPRA Paper 75153, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Nov 2016.
    6. Rahman, Mustafizur & Al-Hasan, Md., 2018. "Male-Female wage gap and informal employment in Bangladesh: A quantile regression approach," MPRA Paper 90131, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. repec:ana:journl:v:4:y:2018:i:2:p:117-134 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Asadullah, Niaz & Wahhaj, Zaki, 2016. "Missing from the Market: Purdah Norm and Women's Paid Work Participation in Bangladesh," IZA Discussion Papers 10463, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Rahman, Mustafizur & Al-Hasan, Md., 2018. "Why is the relative preference for government jobs on the rise in Bangladesh? Evidence from labour force surveys," MPRA Paper 90133, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Zhou, Mo & Nelson, Robert, 2017. "Gender Wage Gap and Discrimination in Developing Countries," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252727, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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    Keywords

    discrimination; gender; wage gap; Bangladesh;

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