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Economic transformation and the gender earnings gap in urban China

Author

Listed:
  • Björn Gustafsson

    () (Department of Social Work, University of Göteborg, P.O. Box 720, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden)

  • Shi Li

    () (Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2 Yuetan Beixiaojie, Beijing, P.R. China)

Abstract

The gender wage gap and its development in urban China is analysed utilising two large scale surveys covering 10 provinces for the years 1988 and 1995. The results indicate that from an international perspective, the gender wage gap in urban China appears to be relatively small. It is, however, increasing. Decompositions based on estimated regression-models show that somewhat less than half of the average gender wage gap can be attributed to differences in variables but much less of its increase. The earnings situation of young women and women with limited education has especially deteriorated if compared to men having the same characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Björn Gustafsson & Shi Li, 2000. "Economic transformation and the gender earnings gap in urban China," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 305-329.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:13:y:2000:i:2:p:305-329
    Note: Received: 20 October 1997/Accepted: 7 October 1998
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender gap; earnings; Urban China;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population

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