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Does Diversity Impair Human Development? A Multi-Level Test of the Diversity Debit Hypothesis

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  • Gerring, John
  • Thacker, Strom C.
  • Lu, Yuan
  • Huang, Wei

Abstract

This study departs from extant work on diversity and development in several respects. Using DHS data from a large number of developing countries, we adopt four human development outcomes: child mortality, fertility, education, and wealth. We exploit evidence at multiple levels—country, subnational region, and district—and we measure diversity in a variety of ways. This unique approach reveals that although diversity may have negative ramifications on human development at national levels it is very unlikely to have these same effects at subnational levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerring, John & Thacker, Strom C. & Lu, Yuan & Huang, Wei, 2015. "Does Diversity Impair Human Development? A Multi-Level Test of the Diversity Debit Hypothesis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 166-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:66:y:2015:i:c:p:166-188
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.07.019
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    Cited by:

    1. Gisselquist, Rachel M. & Leiderer, Stefan & Nino-Zarazua, Miguel, 2014. "Ethnic heterogeneity and public goods provision in Zambia: Further evidence of a subnational .diversity dividend," WIDER Working Paper Series 162, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Frankema, Ewout, 2015. "The Biogeographic Roots of World Inequality: Animals, Disease, and Human Settlement Patterns in Africa and the Americas Before 1492," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 274-285.
    3. Dombi, Akos & Grigoriadis, Theocharis, 2017. "Ancestry, Diversity & Finance: Evidence from Transition Economies," Discussion Papers 2017/4, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    4. Gisselquist, Rachel M. & Leiderer, Stefan & Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel, 2016. "Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision in Zambia: Evidence of a Subnational “Diversity Dividend”," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 308-323.
    5. Prerna Singh & Dean Spears, 2017. "How status inequality between ethnic groups affects public goods provision: Experimental evidence on caste and tolerance for teacher absenteeism in India," WIDER Working Paper Series 129, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Bove, Vincenzo & Elia, Leandro, 2017. "Migration, Diversity, and Economic Growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 227-239.
    7. Omar Shahabudin McDoom & Rachel M. Gisselquist, 2016. "The Measurement of Ethnic and Religious Divisions: Spatial, Temporal, and Categorical Dimensions with Evidence from Mindanao, the Philippines," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 129(2), pages 863-891, November.
    8. McDoom Omar & Gisselquist Rachel M., 2015. "The Conceptualization and Measurement of Ethnic and Religious Divisions: Categorical, Temporal, and Spatial Dimensions with Evidence from Mindanao, the Philippines," WIDER Working Paper Series 022, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. repec:eee:intfin:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:64-89 is not listed on IDEAS

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