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Diversité ethnique et déforestation dans les pays en développement: identification des principaux canaux
[Ethnic diversity and deforestation in developing countries: identifying the transmission channels]

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  • GOMADO, Kwamivi Mawuli

Abstract

We examine the direct and indirect relationship between ethnic diversity and deforestation for a group of developing countries over a period from 2001 to 2015. We measure deforestation through loss of forest cover and ethnic diversity through ethnic (religious) fractionalization and polarization. We have identified three channels through which ethnic diversity affects the environment, namely property rights, corruption and conflicts that are often used in regressions of deforestation. Using the SURE model, we found a positive indirect total link between ethnic fractionalization and deforestation through the specified channels, while the indirect total effect of ethnic polarization is negative. However, we have a total effect (indirect total effect + direct effect) positive of the two indices (polarization and fractionalization) on deforestation. In addition, the total effect of ethnic polarization is greater than that of ethnic fractionalization. Robustness analyzes were carried out and the results obtained are robust compared to the basic specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • GOMADO, Kwamivi Mawuli, 2018. "Diversité ethnique et déforestation dans les pays en développement: identification des principaux canaux
    [Ethnic diversity and deforestation in developing countries: identifying the transmission ch
    ," MPRA Paper 89380, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:89380
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/89380/1/MPRA_paper_89380.pdf
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    Keywords

    ethnic diversity; deforestation; corruption; property right; conflict.;

    JEL classification:

    • K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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