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Ethnic Diversity and Health Outcomes

Author

Listed:
  • Sefa Awaworyi Churchill

    (Monash University)

  • Janet Exornam Ocloo

    (Korlebu Teaching Hospital
    Leeds Beckett University)

  • Diana Siawor-Robertson

    (Bank of Africa)

Abstract

This study hypothesizes a relationship between ethnic diversity and health outcomes. We explore the effects of ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity (measured by indices of ethnic and linguistic fractionalization) on various health outcomes in a cross-section of 91 countries. We explore outcomes relating to four major categories of health: (1) immunization rates, (2) prevalence of diseases, (3) life expectancy and mortality rates, and (4) health related infrastructure and staff. Across all dimensions examined, evidence suggests that higher heterogeneity is bad for health outcomes. We explore several potential mechanisms which could explain the observed negative effects of ethnic and linguistic diversity on health.

Suggested Citation

  • Sefa Awaworyi Churchill & Janet Exornam Ocloo & Diana Siawor-Robertson, 2017. "Ethnic Diversity and Health Outcomes," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 134(3), pages 1077-1112, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:134:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1454-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1454-7
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    3. Jun, Jeun & Jivraj, Stephen & Taylor, Keishia, 2020. "Mental health and ethnic density among adolescents in England: A cross-sectional study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 244(C).

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