HIV, Risky Behavior and Ethno-linguistic Heterogeneity
Ethno-linguistic heterogeneity is associated with indicators of development like civil society, trust, quality of institutions, economic performance and participation. Recently, it has been found to be favorable for optimizing agents who want to engage in risky sexual behavior as they can select partners outside their own network and that of their spouse. This paper augments the literature by arguing that the effect of ethno-linguistic heterogeneity on risky sexual behavior is gender related. In contexts where women have more economic benefits (or losses) from sexual partners, they better internalize the cost of detection. This study shows that, with respect to men, ethno-linguistic heterogeneity significantly affects women’s HIV status and their risky sexual behavior. Accordingly, it also affects positively the probability of being in a discordant couple where the wife is HIV positive.
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Volume (Year): 232 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
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