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HIV, Risky Behavior and Ethno-Linguistic Heterogeneity

  • Miron Tequame

    ()

    (Center for Research in the Economics of Development, University of Namur)

This paper studies the role of ethno-linguistic diversity on risky sexual behavior and HIV status of individuals. We compute three different measures of ethno-linguistic heterogeneity and show that ethno-linguistic heterogeneity is positively related to risky sexual behavior and HIV status of individuals. This effect, both on risky behavior and HIV status, is stronger for women than for men. Accordingly, we also find a positive association between ethno-linguistic heterogeneity and being in a discordant couple where the wife is HIV positive. Our findings have an implication for prevention policies as it identifies community level characteristics for implementing anti-HIV/AIDS policies.

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File URL: http://www.fundp.ac.be/eco/economie/recherche/wpseries/wp/1004.pdf
File Function: First version, 2010
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Namur, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1004.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nam:wpaper:1004
Contact details of provider: Postal: Rempart de la Vierge 8, B-5000 Namur
Phone: ++32/(0)81/72.48.53
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Web page: http://www.fundp.ac.be/en/eco

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  1. Oster, Emily, 2012. "HIV and sexual behavior change: Why not Africa?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 35-49.
  2. de Walque, Damien, 2007. "How does the impact of an HIV/AIDS information campaign vary with educational attainment? Evidence from rural Uganda," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 686-714, November.
  3. La Ferrara, Eliana & Alesina, Alberto, 2000. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," Scholarly Articles 4551796, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Alberto Alesina & Eliana La Ferrara, 1999. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," NBER Working Papers 7155, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. BOSSERT, Walter & D’AMBROSIO, Conchita & LA FERRARA, Eliana, 2008. "A Generalized Index of Fractionalization," Cahiers de recherche 01-2008, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  6. Baqir, Reza & Easterly, William & Alesina, Alberto, 1999. "Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions," Scholarly Articles 4551797, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  7. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2005. "Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance," Scholarly Articles 4553005, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  8. Chinhui Juhn & Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Belgi Turan, 2008. "HIV and Fertility in Africa: First Evidence from Population Based Surveys," NBER Working Papers 14248, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Emily Oster, 2005. "Sexually Transmitted Infections, Sexual Behavior, and the HIV/AIDS Epidemic," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 120(2), pages 467-515, May.
  10. Emily Oster, 2012. "Routes Of Infection: Exports And Hiv Incidence In Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 10(5), pages 1025-1058, October.
  11. Andrew Leigh, 2006. "Trust, Inequality and Ethnic Heterogeneity," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 82(258), pages 268-280, 09.
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