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The Social Effects of Ethnic Diversity at the Local Level: A Natural Experiment with Exogenous Residential Allocation

Listed author(s):
  • Yann Algan

    (Département d'économie)

  • Camille Hémet

    (Aix-Marseille School of Economics)

  • David Laitin

    (Department of Political Science (Stanford University))

Registered author(s):

    Relying on diversity measures computed at the apartment block level under conditions of exogenous allocation of public housing in France, this paper identifies the effects of ethnic diversity on social relationships and housing quality. Housing Survey data reveal that diversity induces social anomie. Through the channel of anomie, diversity accounts for the inability of residents to sanction others for vandalism and to act collectively to demand proper building maintenance. However, anomie also lowers opportunities for violent confrontations, which are not related to diversity.

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    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/4rm8ji0nae9elbggr366la3786/resources/algan-et-al-2015-3.pdf
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    Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/4rm8ji0nae9elbggr366la3786.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2016
    Publication status: Published in Journal of Political Economy, 2016, vol. 124, pp.696-733
    Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/4rm8ji0nae9elbggr366la3786
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

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    5. Caselli, Francesco & Coleman II, Wilbur John, 2006. "On the Theory of Ethnic Conflict," CEPR Discussion Papers 5622, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Fearon, James D. & Laitin, David D., 2000. "Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic Identity," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(04), pages 845-877, September.
    7. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin, 2007. "Close Neighbours Matter: Neighbourhood Effects on Early Performance at School," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(523), pages 1193-1215, October.
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    9. Matz Dahlberg & Karin Edmark & Heléne Lundqvist, 2011. "Ethnic Diversity and Preferences for Redistribution," CESifo Working Paper Series 3325, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Alberto Alesina & Eliana La Ferrara, 1999. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," NBER Working Papers 7155, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    13. William Easterly & Ross Levine, 1997. "Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1203-1250.
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    17. repec:hrv:faseco:30752835 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2002. "Who trusts others?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 207-234, August.
    19. Thierry Debrand & Claude Taffin, 2005. "Les facteurs structurels et conjoncturels de la mobilité résidentielle depuis 20 ans," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 381(1), pages 125-146.
    20. Philip Oreopoulos, 2003. "The Long-Run Consequences of Living in a Poor Neighborhood," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(4), pages 1533-1575.
    21. Scott E. Page, 2007. "Prologue to The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies," Introductory Chapters, in: The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies Princeton University Press.
    22. Miguel, Edward & Gugerty, Mary Kay, 2005. "Ethnic diversity, social sanctions, and public goods in Kenya," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(11-12), pages 2325-2368, December.
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