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Globalization and Smallholders: The Adoption, Diffusion, and Welfare Impact of Non-Traditional Export Crops in Guatemala

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  • Carletto, Calogero
  • Kirk, Angeli
  • Winters, Paul C.
  • Davis, Benjamin

Abstract

Summary This paper uses a duration analysis based on adoption data spanning 25 years from six communities in the Central Highlands of Guatemala to explore how household characteristics and external trends play into both the adoption and diffusion processes of non-traditional exports (NTX) among smallholders. Based on the analysis, NTX production appeared to have delivered less prosperity to adopters than initially promised. Smallholders may lack capacity to overcome difficulties that inevitably arise in complex types of cultivations and in highly variable global agricultural markets. Governmental and non-governmental organizations can attempt to mitigate these difficulties, but market forces may overwhelm these efforts.

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  • Carletto, Calogero & Kirk, Angeli & Winters, Paul C. & Davis, Benjamin, 2010. "Globalization and Smallholders: The Adoption, Diffusion, and Welfare Impact of Non-Traditional Export Crops in Guatemala," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 814-827, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:38:y:2010:i:6:p:814-827
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    3. Wang, Honglin & Yu, Fan & Reardon, Thomas & Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott, 2013. "Social learning and parameter uncertainty in irreversible investments: Evidence from greenhouse adoption in northern China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 104-120.
    4. Dinh, T.P. & Cameron, D. & Nguyen, X.T., 2015. "Rural livelihood adoption framework: A conceptual and analytical framework for studying adoption of new activities by small farmers," International Journal of Agricultural Management, Institute of Agricultural Management, vol. 4(4), July.
    5. Negash, Martha, 2015. "Drivers of bioenergy crop adoption: evidence from Ethiopia's castor bean contract farming," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 230226, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Carletto, Calogero & Corral, Paul & Guelfi, Anita, 2017. "Agricultural commercialization and nutrition revisited: Empirical evidence from three African countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 106-118.
    7. Bobojonov, Ihtiyor & Teuber, Ramona & Hasanov, Shavkat & Urutyan, Vardan & Glauben, Thomas, 2016. "Farmers’ export market participation decisions in transition economies: a comparative study between Armenia and Uzbekistan," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 25-35.
    8. Cristina Romero Granja & Meike Wollni, 2018. "Dynamics of smallholder participation in horticultural export chains: evidence from Ecuador," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 49(2), pages 225-235, March.
    9. Romero, Cristina & Wollni, Meike, 2015. "Dynamics of smallholder participation in horticultural export chains –Evidence from Ecuador-," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212286, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. Romero, Cristina & Wollni, Meike, 2015. "Supplier dynamics in horticultural export chains – Evidence from Ecuador. Revised version," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 209961, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.

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