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The term structure of interest rates as predictor of stock returns: Evidence for the IBEX 35 during a bear market

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  • Fernandez-Perez, Adrian
  • Fernández-Rodríguez, Fernando
  • Sosvilla-Rivero, Simón

Abstract

A Probit model to forecast the probability of bear markets in the Spanish IBEX 35 is presented, being the explanatory factors selected from a wide set of economic variables like the yield curve of Spain, US and Europe, several macro variables, and numerous leading indicators. A data-guided algorithm is used to render a concise parameterization of this optimal model. Our results suggest that the slopes of US and Europe yield curves have some information content (not implicitly present in the slope of the Spanish yield curve) that helps to better forecast the probability of bear markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernandez-Perez, Adrian & Fernández-Rodríguez, Fernando & Sosvilla-Rivero, Simón, 2014. "The term structure of interest rates as predictor of stock returns: Evidence for the IBEX 35 during a bear market," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 21-33.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:31:y:2014:i:c:p:21-33
    DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2013.12.004
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    4. Gupta, Rangan & Risse, Marian & Volkman, David A. & Wohar, Mark E., 2019. "The role of term spread and pattern changes in predicting stock returns and volatility of the United Kingdom: Evidence from a nonparametric causality-in-quantiles test using over 250 years of data," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 391-405.
    5. Wu, Shue-Jen & Lee, Wei-Ming, 2015. "Intertemporal risk–return relationships in bull and bear markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 308-325.
    6. Chen, Nan-Kuang & Chen, Shiu-Sheng & Chou, Yu-Hsi, 2017. "Further evidence on bear market predictability: The role of the external finance premium," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 106-121.
    7. Gu, Rongbao & Chen, Xi & Li, Xinjie, 2014. "Chaos recognition and fractal analysis in the term structure of Shanghai Interbank Offered Rate," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 412(C), pages 101-112.
    8. Mendes, Fernando Henrique de Paula e Silva & Caldeira, João Frois & Moura, Guilherme Valle, 2018. "Evidence of Bull and Bear Markets in the Bovespa index: An application of Markovian regime-switching Models with Duration Dependence," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 38(1), May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Term structure of interest rates; Stock returns; Trading strategies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • C20 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - General

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