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Are large headquarters unproductive?

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  • Morikawa, Masayuki

Abstract

Headquarters play an important role in modern companies, but the downsizing of headquarters is often advocated as a way to improve organizational efficiency. Using a panel of Japanese companies for the period 2001–2011, this paper empirically analyzes the determinants of the size of headquarters functions and their relationship with productivity. The cross-sectional dispersion of the size of headquarters functions is very large even within an industry. The complication of businesses leads to smaller headquarters. Headquarters functions contribute positively to a company's TFP. Headquarters functions and ICT network have a complementary role for productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Morikawa, Masayuki, 2015. "Are large headquarters unproductive?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 422-436.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:119:y:2015:i:c:p:422-436
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2015.09.010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. MORIKAWA Masayuki, 2016. "Location and Productivity of Knowledge- and Information-intensive Business Services," Discussion papers 16067, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Morikawa, Masayuki, 2016. "Factoryless goods producers in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 9-15.
    3. MIYAJIMA Hideaki & OGAWA Ryo & USHIJIMA Tatsuo, 2017. "Are Smaller (Larger) Corporate Headquarters Better?," Discussion papers 17004, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Headquarters; Centralization; Decentralization; ICT network; TFP;

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General

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