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Minimum wages and youth unemployment

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  • Gorry, Aspen

Abstract

This paper constructs a labor search model to explore the effects of minimum wages on youth unemployment. To capture the gradual decline in unemployment for young workers as they age, the standard search model is extended so that workers gain experience when employed. Experienced workers have higher average productivity and lower job finding and separation rates that match wage and worker flow data. In this environment, minimum wages can have large effects on unemployment because they interact with a worker's ability to gain job experience. The increase in minimum wages between 2007 and 2009 can account for a 0.8 percentage point increase in the steady state unemployment rate and a 2.8 percentage point increase in unemployment for 15–24 year old workers in the model parameterized to simulate outcomes of high school educated workers. Minimum wages can also help explain the high rates of youth unemployment in France compared to the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Gorry, Aspen, 2013. "Minimum wages and youth unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 57-75.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:64:y:2013:i:c:p:57-75
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.08.004
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    Cited by:

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    2. Richard Dickens, 2015. "How are minimum wages set?," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 211-211, December.
    3. David Pence Slichter, 2015. "The Employment Effects of the Minimum Wage: A Selection Ratio Approach to Measuring Treatment Effects," 2015 Papers psl76, Job Market Papers.
    4. repec:bla:coecpo:v:36:y:2018:i:1:p:116-135 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sachs Andreas & Smolny Werner, 2015. "Youth Unemployment in the OECD: The Role of Institutions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 235(4-5), pages 403-417, August.
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    7. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415.
    8. Christine Braun, 2017. "Crime and the Minimum Wage," 2017 Meeting Papers 359, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Lester Hadsell & Michael McAvoy & Jaime McGovern, 2013. "Promoting Economic Literacy and Self-Awareness Through An Understanding Of Economic Ideology," New York Economic Review, New York State Economics Association (NYSEA), pages 54-76.
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    14. Urbánné Mező, Júlia & Udvari, Beáta, 2016. "Munkapiaci rugalmasság és ifjúsági foglalkoztathatóság
      [Labour-market flexibility and youth employment]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 431-460.
    15. Lundborg , Per & Skedinger, Per, 2014. "Minimum Wages and the Integration of Refugee Immigr ants," Working Paper Series 4/14, Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Minimum wage; Youth unemployment; Experience; Fair minimum wage act; France;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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