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Labor Market Connections, Minimum Wages, and Youth Employment


  • Aspen Gorry

    (University of Chicago)


We construct a labor search model where individuals can be either connected or unconnected. Connected workers get a higher rate of job offers when unemployed and are separated from their jobs at a lower rate than unconnected workers. Unconnected workers can become connected through employment. This model can account for age patterns in employment data. By introducing minimum wages, the model explains empirical findings on the effects of minimum wage laws. Finally, the model shows that minimum wages account for a large part of the differences in youth employment between Europe and the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Aspen Gorry, 2008. "Labor Market Connections, Minimum Wages, and Youth Employment," 2008 Meeting Papers 794, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed008:794

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    1. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00353896 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Fougere, Denis & Kramarz, Francis & Magnac, Thierry, 2000. "Youth employment policies in France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(4-6), pages 928-942, May.
    3. Walter J. Wessels, 2005. "Does the Minimum Wage Drive Teenagers Out of the Labor Force?," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 26(1), pages 169-176, January.
    4. David Neumark & Olena Nizalova, 2007. "Minimum Wage Effects in the Longer Run," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(2).
    5. Keane, Michael P & Wolpin, Kenneth I, 1997. "The Career Decisions of Young Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(3), pages 473-522, June.
    6. Juan Dolado & Francis Kramarz & Steven Machin & Alan Manning & David Margolis & Coen Teulings, 1996. "The Economic Impact of Minimum Wages in Europe," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00353896, HAL.
    7. Bazen, Stephen & Skourias, Nicolas, 1997. "Is there a negative effect of minimum wages on youth employment in France?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 723-732, April.
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