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A simple model of service offshoring with time zone differences

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  • Kikuchi, Toru
  • Long, Ngo Van

Abstract

We propose a two-country monopolistic competition model of business service offshoring that captures the advantage conferred by time zone differences. We emphasize the role of the entrepreneurs, who decide how to produce business services (i.e., domestic service provision or service offshoring). It is shown that the utilization of communication networks induces a dramatic change in industrial structure due to entrepreneurial relocation (i.e., service offshoring) to take advantage of time zone differences. We show also show that in the presence of moving costs for entrepreneurs, technological improvements and the resulting increase in service offshoring may reduce a country's welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Kikuchi, Toru & Long, Ngo Van, 2010. "A simple model of service offshoring with time zone differences," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 217-227, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecofin:v:21:y:2010:i:3:p:217-227
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    Cited by:

    1. Hamid Beladi & Avik Chakrabarti & Sugata Marjit, 2013. "Privatization and Strategic Mergers across Borders," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 432-446, August.
    2. Elisabeth Christen, 2017. "Time Zones Matter: The Impact of Distance and Time Zones on Services Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 612-631, March.
    3. Choi, E. Kwan & Choi, Jai-Young, 2013. "Financial advantage, outsourcing and FDI under wage uncertainty," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 260-267.
    4. Hamid Beladi & Saibal Kar & Sugata Marjit, 2013. "Emigration, Finite Changes and Wage Inequality," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(1), pages 61-71, March.
    5. Beladi, Hamid & Chakrabarti, Avik & Hollas, Daniel, 2016. "A public firm in a vertically linked price discriminating spatial duopoly," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 59-63.
    6. Mukherjee, Arijit & Suetrong, Kullapat, 2012. "Trade cost reduction and foreign direct investment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1938-1945.
    7. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:3:p:598-611 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Beladi, Hamid & Chakrabarti, Avik & Marjit, Sugata, 2013. "Cross-border mergers in vertically related industries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 97-108.
    9. Zhou, Yiming & Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2015. "Offshoring, globalization, and welfare," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 75-93.
    10. Edward Anderson, 2014. "Time differences, communication and trade: longitude matters II," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 150(2), pages 337-369, May.
    11. Rebecca Tomasik, 2013. "Time zone-related continuity and synchronization effects on bilateral trade flows," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 149(2), pages 321-342, June.
    12. Beladi, Hamid & Marjit, Sugata & Weiher, Kenneth, 2011. "An analysis of the demand for skill in a growing economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1471-1474, July.
    13. Batabyal, Amitrajeet A., 2012. "Project financing, entrepreneurial activity, and investment in the presence of asymmetric information," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 115-122.
    14. Beladi, Hamid & Chakrabarti, Avik & Marjit, Sugata, 2014. "A public firm in a model of spatial duopoly with price discrimination," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 79-81.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Service offshoring Time zone differences Technological change Entrepreneurs Communication networks;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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