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Does employment protection legislation affect firm investment? The European case

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  • Calcagnini, Giorgio
  • Ferrando, Annalisa
  • Giombini, Germana

Abstract

This paper aims at analyzing the impact of Employment Protection Legislation (EPL) on firms' investment policies in the contemporaneous presence of financial imperfections. Our results show that investment is significantly affected by the presence of both market imperfections; they are robust to alternative measures of EPL. Moreover, the effect of labor market regulation is weaker wherever financial market imperfections are smaller: firms with better access to financial markets are in a position to determine their optimal investment policy, even in the presence of stringent employment protection laws, than those facing financial constraints.

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  • Calcagnini, Giorgio & Ferrando, Annalisa & Giombini, Germana, 2014. "Does employment protection legislation affect firm investment? The European case," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 658-665.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:36:y:2014:i:c:p:658-665
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2013.06.036
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    3. Giorgio Calcagnini & Annalisa Ferrando & Germana Giombini, 2015. "Multiple market imperfections, firm profitability and investment," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 95-120, August.
    4. Francis, Bill B. & Kim, Incheol & Wang, Bin & Zhang, Zhengyi, 2018. "Labor law and innovation revisited," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 1-15.
    5. Calcagnini, Giorgio & Giombini, Germana & Travaglini, Giuseppe, 2019. "A theoretical model of imperfect markets and investment," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 237-244.
    6. Tyrowicz, Joanna, 2009. "When Eastern Labour Markets Enter Western Europe CEECs. Labour Market Institutions upon Euro Zone Accession," MPRA Paper 15045, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Giorgio Calcagnini & Germana Giombini & Giuseppe Travaglini, 2015. "The productivity gap among European countries," Working Papers 1510, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2015.
    8. Ben-Nasr, Hamdi, 2016. "Labor protection and government control: Evidence from privatized firms," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 485-498.
    9. Ciriaci, Daria & Grassano, Nicola & Vezzani, Antonio, 2019. "Regulations and location choices of top R&D investors worldwide," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 29-42.
    10. Javier Escribá-Pérez & María José Murgui-García, 2017. "Do market regulations reduce investment? Evidence from European regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(9), pages 1336-1347, September.
    11. Federico Cingano & Marco Leonardi & Julián Messina & Giovanni Pica, 2010. "The effects of employment protection legislation and financial market imperfections on investment: evidence from a firm-level panel of EU countries [Technology and labour regulations]," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 25(61), pages 117-163.
    12. Setzer, Ralph & Stieglitz, Moritz, 2019. "Firm-level employment, labour market reforms, and bank distress," IWH Discussion Papers 15/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    13. Arthelo P. PALMA, 2016. "Truth Behind Economic Performance, Natural Resources and Attracting Foreign Direct Investment," Expert Journal of Economics, Sprint Investify, vol. 4(2), pages 68-77.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment protection legislation; Financial constraints; Investments;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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