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The Macroeconomics of Labour and Credit Market Imperfections

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  • Wasmer, Etienne
  • Weil, Philippe

Abstract

Labour market frictions are not the only possible source of high unemployment. Credit market imperfections, driven by microeconomic frictions and influenced by macroeconomic factors, could also be to blame. To develop this idea in a simple and tractable macroeconomic model, we treat credit and labour market imperfections in a symmetrical way. Accordingly, we introduce specificity in credit relationships, and assume that credit to potential entrepreneurs is rationed due to endogenous search frictions, in the spirit of Diamond (1990). These imperfections mirror job search frictions in the labour market. We study the determination of equilibrium unemployment in the presence of credit market frictions both with exogenous and endogenous wages. We explore a number of possible extensions or extensions: endogenous destruction, monetary policy and the short-run effects of financial liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Wasmer, Etienne & Weil, Philippe, 2002. "The Macroeconomics of Labour and Credit Market Imperfections," CEPR Discussion Papers 3334, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3334
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    capitalism; credit and search frictions; monetary policy; unemployment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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